Baji Rao II, Peshwas of Maratha Empire - Informative & researched article on Baji Rao II, Peshwas of Maratha Empire
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Medieval History of India > Maratha Empire > The Peshwa Raj in Maharashtra > Baji Rao II
Baji Rao II, Peshwas of Maratha Empire
Baji Rao II was the last Peshwa of the Maratha Empire.
 
 Baji Rao II, Peshwas of Maratha EmpireBaji Rao II, the last Peshwa of the Maratha Confederacy was also famous as Palputta Bajirao. He governed the Maratha Empire from 1796 to 1818. His ruling period was marked by confrontations with the British.

Baji Rao was the son of Peshwa Raghunathrao and Anandibai. In 1800, after the demise of Phadnavis, the Maratha leaders Yashwantrao Holkar of Indore and Daulat Rao Sindhia of Gwalior contested for control of the empire and their rivalry made its way to Pune, seat of the Peshwa. The successes ultimately came to the Holkar. In September 1802, Baji Rao II fled west to Bombay to seek the help of the British and he concluded the Treaty of Bassein in December 1802. In this treaty, the British agreed to restore Baji Rao II in return for the Marathas allowing British troops in Maratha territory and paying for their maintenance, and acceptance of a British political agent (Resident) at Pune. The Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803-1805 took place due to the protestation of Holkar and Sindhia of the British imposition on Maratha affairs. The British triumphed in the war and the Marathas had to accept losses of territory.

The third Maratha War of 1817-1818 was initiated due to the raids of the Pindaris (the irregular horsemen and the residents of the Maratha territories) into British territory and this war ended with the defeat of the Scindhias and other Maratha feudatories. The British Resident at Pune maintained and paid by Baji Rao II for his `protection` attacked Baji Rao`s personal guard on the day of Diwali on November 5, 1817. Baji Rao II ran away and a war was ensued between his forces and the British, which was referred to as Battle of Khadki. Though he ran away, the British chased him and after running for five months from one fort to another, Baji Rao II surrendered to Sir John Malcolm.

Baji Rao II was kept under watchful eyes and a small village on the right bank of Ganges was selected where they had one of their biggest military establishments. There were many stories related to the later years of Baji Rao. Baji Rao II died in 1851 at Bithur.

(Last Updated on : 20/07/2009)
More Articles in The Peshwa Raj in Maharashtra  (6)
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Literature under Gupta Empire
Literature under Gupta Empire drew their themes from epics and dealt with familiar narratives, some were treated in courtly style and subjected to literary virtuosity of many kinds.
Moderates
Moderates, a branch of the Congress, believed that India needed a balanced representation of their needs before the British Government. Moderates believed in gradual progress with the help of Constitutional means.
Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur
The governor of Bijapur Yusuf Adil Khan founded the Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur. In 1489.
Kakatiya Dynasty of Warangal
The Kakatiya Dynasty was one among the great dynasties of South India famous for their herioic kingship.
Kakatiya Dynasty
Kakatiya Dyanasty has been acknowledged as one of the great Telegu kingdoms that had ruled from 1083CE to 1323CE.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Baji Rao II, Peshwas of Maratha Empire - Informative & researched article on Baji Rao II, Peshwas of Maratha Empire
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.