(Last Updated on : 19/04/2013)
The monuments of Uttar Pradesh play a major role for the millions of tourists. These monuments are the example of incredible arts and magic of human hands in the glorious past of the state. The numerous monuments present in Uttar Pradesh reflect the imprints of several dynasties of the bygone era. These wonderful creations represent the rich history, trade, language and the cultural heritage of the province.
From Mughal era to British Raj, this state has preserved its great history in its monuments. Almost each and every rulers of this state such as Nawabs of Oudh, Mugals and British rulers have contributed their skills in terms of architecture. The major memorials of Uttar Pradesh are scattered through the cities like Lucknow, Fatehpur Sikri and Agra. Due to the presence of grand palaces, beautiful forts, ancient monasteries, ancient temples and historical mosques this state is regarded as the major tourist hub in north India.
The most remarkable monument of Uttar Pradesh is the Taj Mahal, constructed during the Mughal period. This monument is famous in the entire world for its intricate calligraphy and geometric designs. The another famous monument of Uttar Pradesh is the Agra Fort that includes several other remarkable structures like Sheesh Mahal, amazing Diwan-i-Khas and wonderful Moti Masjid which reminds us about the lavish lifestyles of the Mughal Emperors. Bada Imambada is also a famous monument present in the Lucknow city and a visit to this place is worthwhile. The presence of chandeliers and glassware for the decoration of the inner sanctum is a unique feature of this monument. The Rumi Darwaza, Shah Najaf Imambada and Chota Imambada at Lucknow, Buland Darwaza and Agra fort at Agra are some of the major monuments in Uttar Pradesh.
The most of the monuments of Uttar Pradesh are based on Mughal architectural styles which are mainly the fusion of Persian and Hindu architecture. Mughals constructed lots of historic monuments with a wonderful stylized form in a typical Islamic style. Uttar Pradesh also consist several monuments constructed during the British era. The major ones are the Church complex and The Residency in Lucknow.
Uttar Pradesh also has a number of minor historical monuments dotted in every corner that attract millions of tourist from all over the world.