(Last Updated on : 04/03/2013)
Jamshedpur in Jharkhand
, as the rapidly increasing township was named in the year 1919 in tribute to Tata Steel's Founder, is India's first well planned industrial city. Jamshedpur in Jharkhand is a model for the harmonious co-existence of industry and environment.
Acres of verdant parks and gardens dot the city and provide bucolic sanctuaries from the pressures of everyday life. Jamshedpur, Jharkhand is named after the founder and has two names Jamshedpur and Tatanagar. It is heavily industrialized but very clean and modern.
History of Jamshedpur
In the year 1919, Lord Chelmsford named the city Jamshedpur in honour of its founder, Jamshedji Nausherwanji Tata, whose birthday is celebrated on 3 March as Founder's Day. J. N. Tata had written to his son Dorabji Tata (JRD Tata
) about his vision of a great city in the area. 3rd March is celebrated as the Founders Day and the 225-acre (0.91 km) Jubilee Park
is decorated with luminous light work for about a week, attracting populace from all parts of the nation. Jamshedpur is also referred to as Tatanagar after the name of its railway station called as Tatanagar Railway Station. Jamshedpur is the first ISO 9005 certified city in India
At the turn of the twentieth century, the Tatas wanted to build a steel plant in India. Jamshedji Tata went to Pittsburgh and asked geologist Charles Page Perin to help him find the site to build his dream - India's first steel plant. The search for a site rich in the resources needed for the plant, namely iron, coal, limestone and water began in April 1904 in today's Madhya Pradesh
The prospectors, C. M. Weld, Dorab Tata and Shapurji Saklatvala, took nearly three years in a meticulous search across vast stretches of uncongenial terrain to find a suitable location. One day, almost by accident they came across a village called Sakchi (now part of Tatanagar), on the densely forested stretches of the Chhota Nagpur plateau
, near the confluence of the Subarnarekha River
and Kharkai river
. It seemed to be the ideal choice and the place was selected.
Early development work was undertaken by Durrell and Company, a civil engineering firm run by Lawrence Samuel Durrell, the father of the naturalist Gerald Durrell and the novelist Lawrence Durrell. Commissioned by the Tata family in 1920, Durrell was responsible for building a tinplate mill, a brick-making plant, an office building, a hospital and over four hundred workers' houses.
Jamshedji's plan for the city was clear. He envisioned far more than a mere row of workers hutments. He insisted upon building all the comforts and conveniences a city could provide. As a result, many areas in the city are well planned and there are great public leisure places such as the Jubilee Park.
Geography of Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur is located at 22.8 degree North and 86.18 degree East. It has an average elevation of 135 metres (442 ft). Jamshedpur is located in a hilly region, and its terrain is quite uneven. It receives about 1200 mm of rainfall annually.
Economy of Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur is the home to the first private Iron and Steel Company of India, which is known as Tata Steel, is commonly called "Tata Nagar" as a result of the company's significant presence. The areas surrounding Jamshedpur are rich in minerals, including iron ore, coal, manganese bauxite and lime. Jamshedpur is the city with one of the highest per capita income in the country. The bigger corporate houses like Tata Steel and Tata Motors and a thousand other companies and even more small scale industries facilitate the fact. The steel plant is large enough and still covers around a fourth of the land area of Jamshedpur, and has two inland water lakes.
The other major factory in the city is Tata Motors, which manufactures heavy vehicles and construction/earth moving equipment. Tata Motors was previously called The Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO), as railway locomotives were once manufactured here.
Tourism in Jamshedpur
Tourism in Jamshedpur consists of several places like Sakchi, Mango City
, Bistupur, Tata Steel Zoological Park
, Jubilee Nicco Amusement Park, Jubilee Park
, Dimna Lake
Rivers Meet, Dalma Hills, Hudco Lake, Sir Dorabji Tata Park, Gol Pahari Mandir Bhuvaneshwari Temple
and many other places that are worth seeing.