Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History - Informative & researched article on Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Sources of Ancient Indian History > Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History
Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History
Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History include the epics and Puranas. Such literary sources were mostly religious in nature and contain no definite date for events and kings.
 
 Literary Sources of Ancient Indian HistoryMost of the literary sources of ancient Indian history were predominantly religious and contain less factual data that can be considered as authentic historical source. Some of the oldest sources include the Puranas, the Vedas and epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata. These sources focus more on the civilisation and culture of that age instead of the political scenario. Rig veda, the earliest amongst the Vedas, provides information about the Aryans, their relocation to India, and their interaction with other clans. The Vedas generally offer detailed facts about the Aryan civilisation. The Puranas, which were prepared during the Gupta era, contain historical facts about the royal lineage and their reigns. Where as, the Upanishads notify about the religious part of the Vedic period. Furthermore, various Jain and Buddhist literatures and religious texts contain historical materials for reference. The Buddhist literatures, which were written in Pali, contained information about Lord Buddha and various kings of that era. The Jain texts, written in Prakit, provided facts about trade and traders in India. Buddhist Dwipavamsa, Mahavamsa and the Jain Parisistapravana are a few texts that supply some historical resources.

The Manu Smriti, Vishnu Smriti, Narada Smriti contained references regarding rules related to the law of the land and duties of kings and other bureaucrats. Arthashastra, a law book, written by Kautilya, states about the economic and legal issues present in the society, during the Maurya Empire. The grammar of Panini and Patanjali, Gargi Samhita also includes adequate historical sources.

Mudrarakshasa by Vishakhadatta gives a glance of Mauryan society. Malvikagnimitra speaks about the events of Pushyamitra Sunga`s era. Other important accounts that provide adequate historical information are, Gaudabaho by Bakpatiraja, which mentions the conquer of Yasovarman over Gauda, Banabhatta`s Harshacharita, that deal with the achievements of Harshvardhana, Ramacharita by Sandhyaakar Nandi, on the reign of Rampal, king of Pala dynasty, Vikramanka Charita by Bilhana, that states the history of Vikramaditya VI. Hem Chandra`s Dwasraya Kavya, Padmagupta`s Nabasahasanka Charita, Ballal`s Bhoja Prabandha, Nyaya Chandra`s Hammir Kavya are also worth mentioning. Rajatarangini written by Kalhana, is a valuable book which gives lot of information about the history of Kashmir and the kings of that period. Moreover works of the Sangam literature which is in Tamil provides information on economic and socio-political history during the period of the Pandyas, Cholas and Cheras.

Literary works by foreign visitors like Chinese, Romans and Greeks, who came to India, also act as Literary Sources of ancient Indian history. The Indica by Magasthenes, a Greek ambassador in the court of Chandragupta Maurya, includes various information of the era. A proper geographical account of India can be obtained from Ptolemy`s `Geography`. Naturalis Historia of Pliny gives an account of India`s flora and fauna and mineral resources and also mentions about trade relations between Italy and India. Where as, idea about India`s ports, harbours and trade and commerce conducted through the sea route can be obtained from Periplus of Erythraen. Moreover various texts by Chinese visitors like Hiuen Tsang, Fa Hien and others provide a detailed picture of Indian Buddhism.

Thus the various foreign or indigenous literary sources of ancient Indian history provide adequate knowledge on various aspects and thus provide support to reconstruct ancient Indian history.

(Last Updated on : 04/04/2012)
More Articles in Sources of Ancient Indian History  (15)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Maski
Maski, Karnataka offers tourists a unique sight of an Ashokan rock edict which was unearthed in 1915 by the Archaeological Department of Hyderabad. Pottery-ware, ornamental beads and others have also been discovered.
Shuddhi Movement
Shuddhi Movement aimed to bring the converted Hindus back to the community, based on the authority of the Vedas.
Literature under Gupta Empire
Literature under Gupta Empire drew their themes from epics and dealt with familiar narratives, some were treated in courtly style and subjected to literary virtuosity of many kinds.
Moderates
Moderates, a branch of the Congress, believed that India needed a balanced representation of their needs before the British Government. Moderates believed in gradual progress with the help of Constitutional means.
Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur
The governor of Bijapur Yusuf Adil Khan founded the Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur. In 1489.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History - Informative & researched article on Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.