(Last Updated on : 23/05/2013)
The origin of miniature paintings is rooted in the history of Rajasthan
. A land known for its artistry Rajasthan has always been famous for these little wonders. However a definite form of miniature painting cannot be traced. The numerous invasions in Rajasthan have left an indelible mark on its history and culture. The miniature paintings reflect this fact too. Miniature paintings, as a result, have been divided into various forms of school. The schools are Jodhpur
, Jaipur, Mughal
, Kangra and Mewar
The Jodhpur School of miniature painting has the very essence of Rajasthan. Relaying the folklores through its art work it is instrumental in upholding the Rajasthani culture to the outside world. The tourists will be surprised to see the intricate art work. These paintings are made by hand and depict love scenes of legendary lovers like Dholu and Maru on camel back. One will also come across hunting scenes with animals like elephants and horses being the most popular figures. A lot of gold and stone colors are used to paint them.
Another school of miniature painting that evolved as an influence was the Mughal School. Once upon a time the kingdoms of Amer, Jaipur, Bairat
and several others had good relations with the Mughals. The latter, too, was famous for its crafts. Hence the outcome of these two influences popularized love scenes and the Mughal royal court as their main themes. These were painted on silk by using golden and stone colors. Bikaner too was known fro the Mughal influence on its art. Here the used colors made from indigo, precious stones, silver, vegetables, minerals and pure gold.
Another popular school of miniature painting was the Bani Thani paintings. Exaggerated features are to be found in this absolutely different form of painting. This form of painting has derived its name from the singer poet of Nagari Das's (Raja Sawant Singh) court, Bani Thani.
Miniature painting is still done in the regions of Jaipur, Kishengar and others.