(Last Updated on : 10/01/2009)
Chitradurga Fort is a remarkable monument located in Karnataka. Forts, generally, spell out the military prowess of a kingdom; but they are also stunning to look at. With high walls, heavy, outdated weaponry and lots of open space, they can literally deport one to the historical ages. Chitradurga Fort in Karnataka is a popular historical site that will take one back in time. This fort is one of the oldest historical sites in Karnataka. References of Chitradurga Fort can be found in Mahabharata also.
According to the legend a man-eating asura, Hidimba,
resided on the Chitradurga hill and it was a terror amongst the innocent villagers. The Pandavas came to this place with their mother during their exile. Bhima, the second of the Pandavas killed him during a fight. Besides, the fort speaks volume about the strength and intelligence of the ruling class. Chitradurga Fort is also called the Fort of Seven Rounds. It is a military wonder that made it inviolable from enemy attack. The fort has 28 posterior entrances, a palace, 19 gateways, mosque, 4 invisible entrances, granaries, 35 secret entrances, 50 warehouses, water tanks, old pits and a jail. Being situated on a hilltop it provides a good view of the surrounding area. This must have been quite helpful for the royal army as it was easy to monitor the movement of the enemy from the fort.
According to legends Hyder Ali had planned to attack Chitradurga Fort. The guard of the hole left for lunch asking his wife, Obawa, to vigil till he is back. Obawa saw the soldiers trespass but she was not alarmed. She had Onake with her with which she killed and quietly removed the dead bodies. Hundreds of soldiers fell prey to her intelligence without arousing any suspicion. On his return the guard was dumbfounded to his wife standing with several dead bodies. Till date that passage is a historical witness for the legend.
The construction of this amazing maze was completed in 18th century though the work commenced form 10th century A.D. the total length of the fort is approximately 8 kilometers. The inner fort resembles a bowl with a cup shaped valley. The entrances of Chitradurga Fort have been built with mammoth brown colored granite stones. On a closer look one will find out that it was built slightly in pyramid style.
No wonder the place is known as Palace of Stone or Kallina Kote fort. Located in the district of Chitradurga this historical site in Karnataka is accessible from Bangalore by car and flight. Train services are also common from both Bangalore and Davangere.