(Last Updated on : 13/09/2010)
The Ravi River flows in India and Pakistan and is among the five rivers, which give Punjab its name. It arises in Bara Banghal, a branch of the Dhauladhar range of Himalayas in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. It starts in the northwestern direction and then turns to the southwest near Dalhousie, and after cutting a ravine in the Dhaola Dhar it enters Madhopur in Punjab.
The total length of the river is about 720 kilometers out of which nearly 158 kilometers flows through Himachal Pradesh. The water of the river is allocated to India under the Indus Water treaty between India and Pakistan. The right bank tributaries of Ravi are the Budhil, Tundahan Beljedi, Saho and Siul while its left bank tributary is Chirchind Nala.
In Sanskrit literature the town was Iravati. On the right bank of the river there is the beautiful town of Chamba and on its western bank there is the famous tomb of Jahangir. Finally the Ravi River flows into Pakistan border and along it before entering Pakistani Punjab. It flows past Lahore, Pakistan and turns west near Kamalia, emptying into the Chenab River after a course of about 725km.
Indians knew the Ravi as Parushani or Iravati in Vedic times and Hydraotes to the Ancient Greeks. It originates in the Himalayas in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh following a northwesterly course. It turns to the southwest, near Dalhousie, and then flows across a gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range and enters the Punjab plain near Madhopur. It then flows along the Indo-Pak border for some expanse before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab River. It is also called `The river of Lahore` since that great city is situated on its eastern bank. On its western bank is located the famous town of Shahdara with the tomb of Jahangir and the Tomb of Noor Jahan.