Geography of Assam - Informative & researched article on Geography of Assam
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesGeography of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > Assam > Geography of Assam
Geography of Assam
 Geography of AssamAssam comprises an area of 78,523 square kilometers (30,318 square miles). Assam is composed of plains and river valleys. It can be divided into three principal geographical regions: the Brahmaputra River Valley in the north, the Barak Plain in the south, and the Mikir and Cachar Hills that divide the two regions. The Brahmaputra Valley is the dominant feature of Assam. It enters Assam at the extreme northeast corner and runs westward (nearly 450 miles) before turning south to enter the plains of Bangladesh. The river valley is studded with hills and ridges. The valley is surrounded on all sides except the West by mountains.

Assam lies beneath the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas and is bounded on the north by Bhutan and to the east by Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Manipur, to the south by Mizoram and Meghalaya and to the west by Bangladesh and Tripura. The capital of Assam is Dispur. A ring of blue hills surrounds Assam and it has the two valleys, the Brahmaputra and Barak Valley. In ancient times Assam was known as Kamrupa, where the Hindu God of love Kama Deva was reborn. The state capital of Assam, Guwahati was the capital of Kamrup.

Climate of Assam
Assam does not have the normal Indian hot, dry season. The temperature of Assam is moderate, about 84 degrees F in the hottest month of August. The average temperature in January is 61 degrees F. In this season there is heavy fog and bristles. Sometimes the rain occurs during March. From June onwards there will be Monsoon winds. Rainfall is highest in Assam. Annual rainfall varies from 70 inches in the west and 120 inches per year in the east. The heavy rain usually results in destructive floods. Twenty percent of Assam`s total area is covered with forest. Deers, elephants, Royal Bengal tigers and wild pigs inhabit the forests. The important forest products are lac, timber, bamboo and firewood.

This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to

(Last Updated on : 21/01/2013)
More Articles in Assam  (132)
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
Fishery in India
Fishery in India is a major industry in the country presently, thanks to the efforts of National Fisheries Development Board which has led to a considerable increment in fish production. India has rich marine fisheries to develop and exploit, with a massive ocean floor and dynamic sea currents.
Resources in India
Resources in India refer to the natural reserves that are used for the benefit of mankind and they can be categorised into Biotic and Abiotic Resources.
Lucknow Zoo
Lucknow Zoo, Uttar Pradesh was set up during 1921 inspired by the idea of Sir Harcourt Butler and its name was transformed to Lucknow Prani Udyan in 2001. About 298 birds, 463 mammals and 72 reptiles are existent inside its premises.
Amirthi Zoological Park
Amirthi Zoological Park, in Tamil Nadu, shelters a vast variety of vibrant fauna. The visitors can also cherish some other activities in the zoo like trekking and meditating.
Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden
Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden, situated in Gujarat, is the home to Asiatic lions in addition to a vast variety of other fauna and avian species. It also hosts a museum where manuscripts, animal skeletons and other interesting artefacts have been displayed.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Geography of Assam - Informative & researched article on Geography of Assam
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.