(Last Updated on : 29-04-2017)
Classical Dance Drama
holds a special place in the history of its culture
and tradition. They need a special mention as some of its dance forms
are the oldest and the most popular in the world. Kerala is one the richest states of India
when it comes to culture and tradition. The people of this state live a rich and vibrant social life fully dipped in the richness of their culture.
Some of its popular Classical Dance Drama of Kerala is as follows -
- Kathakali is a traditional dance-drama
of Kerala, believed to have originated about 500 years ago. It includes a combination of dance
. It is considered to be the oldest forms of Indian theatre
in the world. In Malayalam language
the word Katha means story and kali means language, hence this dance form means story-play. Its a spectacular dance performance which provides a vibrant visual treat and great entertainment.
- Chavittunatakam is a Christian
dramatic form which was introduced during the time of the Portuguese
in Kerala in the16th century A.D. Chavittu means the rhythmic steps which accompany the recitation of lines in the drama.
- Koodiyattam is believed to be existed in all the major temples of Kerala
in the 9th century and started to become popular around the 15th century. It is the earliest form of classical dramatic art to have originated in Kerala. The word Koodiyattam means acting together and is probably the only form of Sanskrit drama
that exists still today.
- Ramanattam is a classical dance-drama in Kerala. This dance drama presents the story of Lord Rama
in a series of 8 plays and was created under the patronage of King of Kottarakkara. Ramanattom also incorporates several other elements from ritualistic and traditional art forms of Kerala
- Krishnanattam, a dance oriented theatrical performance is the product of the Bhakti movement
. It is known for its dynamic costumes, makeup and beautiful headgears worn by the artists. This dance drama is mainly based on Krishnagiti, a text of slokas and padams in Sanskrit
which was composed by Manaveda. Krishnanattam is staged at Guruvayoor Temple
on almost all days round the year as votive offering by the devotees for propitiating the Lord Krishna
and getting his blessing to fulfil their wishes.