Location of Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple
Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple is located in the hill town of Tirumala, near Tirupati in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple is the richest temple in the world in terms of donations received and wealth, and the most-visited place of worship in the world. Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple is located around 435 kilometres from Vijayawada. It is about 571.9 km from Hyderabad, the capital city of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. It is also about 138 kilometres from Chennai and 291 km from Bengaluru.
History of Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple
The Tirumala Hill is 853 meters above sea level and is about 10.33 square miles in area. The deity of the temple is Lord Venkateswara, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Pallavas of Kanchipuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Tanjore (10th century), and Vijayanagara pradhans (14th and 15th centuries) were committed devotees of Lord Venkateswara. During the invasion of Srirangam by Malik Kafur in 1310-1311, the Ranga Mandapam of the temple served as the shelter for the presiding deity of Srirangam, Ranganatha Swamy. Later, under the rule of the Vijayanagara Emperor, was when the temple gained most of its current wealth and size, with the donation of diamonds and gold. In the year 1517, the Vijayanagara ruler, Sri Krishna Deva Raya, on one of his many visits to the temple, donated gold and jewels, enabling the Vimana (inner shrine) roofing to be gilded. The statues of Sri Krishna Deva Raya and his spouse stand in the premises of the temple. After the decline of Vijayanagara Empire, the kings from states like Mysore and Gadwal worshiped as pilgrims and gave ornaments and valuables to Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple. The Maratha General Raghoji I Bhonsle visited Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple and set up a permanent administration for the conduct of worship in the temple. There is an idol of Raja Todar Mal who was the revenue minister of Akbar, greeting pilgrims in the premises of Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple. In 1843, with the coming of the Madras Presidency under the British Government of India, the administration of the Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple and a number of shrines was entrusted to Seva Dossji of the Hathiramji Mutt at Tirumala as Vicaranakarta for nearly a century until the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) was established as a result of the TTD Act in 1932. Now after the independence of India in the year 1947, Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple falls under the governance of Andhra Pradesh.
Festival in Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple
The festival in Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple has special occasion called Brahmotsavam, when the number of pilgrims goes to 500,000.