History of Thiruvanchikulam Temple
The ancient Tamil Sangam literature contains several references of this temple, along with the names of Ilango Adikal and Sundara Murti Nayanar, the former being a Chera prince who was also the brother of Cheran Chenkuttavan. Thiruvanchikulam Temple is amongst the most ancient temples of Lord Shiva and it is believed that Lord Shiva used to reside in its premises with his whole family. The temple is also associated to the Chidambaram Temple in the state of Tamil Nadu. Kulasekharas was the capital city near Mahodaypuram which had been erected close to the temple. High fortress surrounds the temple on all its sides, apart from palaces and pathways which surrounded the temple. However, this temple had been destroyed considerably during the invasion of Tipu Sultan of Kerala. During this time, all the jewelleries comprising gold and the copper roofing were plundered. Following the arrival of Travancore Army of Dalawa Keshavadas Pillai, the Muslim troops retreated from the temple grounds and the temple was reconstructed by Paliath Achan of Kochi or Perumpadappu Swaroopam.
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