During this festival, betrothed exchange the basketful of gifts with meals. Fianc‚ is invited to a grand dinner at the fianc‚e's residence. Even siblings of the families of both the bride and groom exchanges dinner and packed food and meats and the occasion is one of entertainment which is a time of joy even for the baby-sitters. On this day they are fed generously with food and meat. Cultivators usually work in groups and especially for Anni festival they keep budged with either pigs or cows are procured and the butchered animals are shared among the members. The served meat is used for group feast. In the midst of the feast group leaders gets extra offer of meat by way of feeding them by others. Each working group consists of 20 to 30 in number which includes several women too. The new recruits are also made to add the group at this grand feast.
The Betrothed are settled at this period. The fervours of feast is synchronised with a chain of folk songs and ballads. Sumis have two different clan-heads, viz. Swu (Sumi) and Tuku (Tukumi). By virtue of two separate clans the gennas and rituals differs between Sumi and Tukumi. Among all other festivals and gennas, Sumis in general accepted the festival of Tuluni as the most grand and important one. Ahuna is a traditional post-harvest festival of the Sumis that signifies the celebration of the season's harvest in thanksgiving, while invoking the spirit of good fortune in the New Year. On this occasion, the entire community prepares, and feast on the first meal of rice drawn from the season's harvest cooked in bamboo segments. The receptacles for cooking or serving on this occasion are freshly made, curved or cut, from indigenously available resources prolific and abundant in the countryside. Significance of Mongmong festival Nagaland, situated in North-Eastern part of India, is replete with festivities, with year long festivals; each with different and authentic customs just as the many tribes graces the state of Nagaland. Sangtam, one of the richest and most colourful tribes from Kiphire districts have 12 festivals of which Mongmong is considered to be the most important of all. The word "Mongmong" meaning "Togetherness Forever" is celebrated for 6 days from 1st to 6th of September every year. Each of these six days holds special significance for the Sangtam community.
The pre-dominant theme of the Mongmong is to hark on the harvest season and invoke upon "Lijaba" the Supreme Being for a bountiful harvest, prosperity and longevity. The festival commences after the second announcement/ proclamation by the "Beburu" (a priest from the Anar clan). The first announcement denotes the separation of the spirit of the death from the living and the rituals continue throughout the festival. With the advent of Christianity, these ancestral beliefs are no longer in practice. As time passes all these traditions are forgotten and slowly fading away. It is only during the Mongmong festival, that the beliefs of these traditions and customs are rekindled to the present generation through folklores. The festival is but a matter of six days and
On the first day Jangsika, on this day villagers kill Pigs, Mithuns etc and prepare stocks like firewood, water and other vegetables etc for the whole festival. On the second day Singkithsa, on this day it is forbidden for the villagers to fetch water until the eldest woman in the village would take the first scoop of water. On the third day Musuyangtup, a very special pig would be killed, and the eldest woman in the family will perform the ritual of feeding the 3 fire place stones with rice and meat before distribution of meat to the family members as a gesture of mass participation in ritual activities.
Again on the fourth day Kikhalangpi, clearing of the foot-path leading to the village pond/ water-well where villagers normally fetch water. A wealthy person of the village would lead the youths for social work. There will be sumptuous feast in one of the elder's house after the social work. This was also a day for sharing and drinking rice beer and eating special cooked food among the villagers. On this day folk songs, dances and traditional games are performed.
The fifth day includes the Achangka Singkithsa, the villagers plant tree branches tied with specific items like cotton, chilli etc along the village junctions, which they believed would ward-off sickness and diseases. This also symbolizes the end of Mongmong festival. A certain leaf known as "Throngba" (Nettle/a stinging weed) was placed on the walls and roofs of the houses with the belief that it would sting away the evil and diseases. The Yimchunger celebrate the Metemneo festival after the millet crop is harvested. This festival is celebrated by the Yimchunger tribe in second week of August. But the festival is also connected with praying for the souls of the departed. Young girls and boys also get engaged during this festival which is spread over five days. With its strong agriculture bias, it's not surprising that agricultural implements are worshipped.
Longleng District, the Home of the Phom Nagas, is the tenth district of Nagaland, formed as a result of bifurcation of Tuensang District. It is bounded by Mon District in the East, Mokokchung District in the west, Sivasagar District (Assam) in the North and Tuensang District in the south. Longleng District is headquartered at Longleng Town (about 1,100m above sea level). Longleng and Tamlu are the major towns of the district. Most of the inhabitants belong to the Phom tribes.