(Last Updated on : 10/08/2013)
Victor Bulwer Lytton, formally addressed as Victor Alexander George Robert Bulwer Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC, DL, served as the Governor of Bengal Presidency
from the year 1922 to 1927, in former undivided India under the rule of the British Empire. He was a well known British politician and an administrator in British India. Lytton was styled Viscount Knebworth until 1891. He also acted as the Acting Viceroy of India for a brief period in the year 1926.
Early Life of Victor Bulwer Lytton
Victor Bulwer Lytton was born on 9 August 1876 in Shimla
in British India as the 4th but eldest surviving son of Robert Bulwer Lytton and Edith Villiers. His father was the 1st Earl of Lytton and his mother was the daughter of Edward Ernest Villiers. Lytton successfully completed his education from Eton College in England and Trinity College in Cambridge. He served as the President of the Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club in 1905.
Career of Victor Bulwer Lytton
Victor Alexander George Robert Bulwer Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, began his career by working in different positions in the Admiralty between the years 1916 and 1920. Later he was appointed as the Under Secretary of State for India. He served in the position from 1920 till 1922. Lytton also became a Privy Counsellor in 1919. In the year 1922, Victor Bulwer Lytton was posted as Governor of Bengal in British dominated India. The Bengal Presidency originally comprised East and West Bengal
and was a colonial region of the British Empire in India
. The region included the territories of undivided Bengal like West Bengal
and modern Bangladesh. He was preceded by Lawrence Dundas as the Governor of Bengal Presidency. Lytton served in office till the year 1927 and was succeeded by Sir Stanley Jackson.
He also served as the Viceroy for a brief period in the year 1925. After this, Victor Alexander George Robert Bulwer Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, was appointed in various positions in different capacities. He was knighted with Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (KG) in the year 1933. Victor Bulwer Lytton is most renowned for his chairmanship of the Lytton Commission that was sent by the League of Nations on an investigative mission to ascertain who was to be charged in the war between China and Japan in 1931. He was later was knighted with Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire
(GCIE) and Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
Literary Work of Victor Bulwer Lytton
Victor Bulwer Lytton wrote and published 2 books. The first literary work was based on the life of Lord Lytton, his grandfather. The second work, entitled Pundits and Elephants, dealt with his experiences in British India and was published in the year 1942.
Personal Life of Victor Bulwer Lytton
Victor Alexander George Robert Bulwer Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC, DL was married with Pamela Chichele Plowden. The couple had 2 sons, Alexander Edward John Bulwer-Lytton, Viscount Knebworth and Antony Bulwer Lytton, Viscount Knebworth, Member of Parliament for Hitchin. Victor Bulwer Lytton died in 25 October 1947 at the age of 71.