(Last Updated on : 25-07-2013)
The Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS), meaning the Workers Assembly of India is one of the Indian political organisations that were formed during the partition of India
. The association is a national trade union center in India. The Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) was established on 24 December, 1948 in Howrah
in the state of West Bengal
. The Sabha was formed by socialists, members of the Forward Bloc and other independent unionists. Some of the most eminent political leaders and nationalists of that era were among the founder of the Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS), such as G.G. Mehta, V.S. Mathur, T.S. Ramanujam, R.A. Khedgikar, Shibnath Banerjee, Maniben Kara, R.S. Ruikar, Ashok Mehta and Basawon Singh
(Sinha). R.S. Ruikar was appointed as the President of the Hind Mazdoor Sabha and Asoka Mehta
served as the General Secretary of the organisation.
The Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) included the socialist Hind Mazdoor Panchayat and the Royist Indian Federation of Labour. The Sabha claimed to have 380 affiliated unions with a unified membership of 6, 18,802 in March 1949. In the year 1949, the association became one of the founding members of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU), which was established on 7 December 1949, after the division in the World Federation of Trade Unions. At present, the Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation.
The Sabha comprised of a total a membership of 3342213 in 2002, which was around 13% of the total trade union membership in the nation, as per the provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour.
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