(Last Updated on : 24-06-2014)
The Corbett national Park, being located in the laps of majestic Himalayan terrains, has a rich heritage behind it. Formerly, it was the primary hunting ground for the British officials. In the year 1936, The Corbett National Park was established .It was developed and nourished by Late Jim Corbett. In the beginning it was known as the Hailey National Park. Afterwards, the park got the name, Jim Corbett National Park. Corbett Tiger Reserve is an integral part of it and soon became one of the tiger reserves in the country with the launch of the Project Tiger scheme in the year 1973 by the then union minister, Dr. Karan Singh.
Corbett National Park has an aura beset by the snow- clad peaks of Shivalik Himalayan Ranges. It also constitutes of the terrain, or marshy alluvial plains, and also the bhabar. Bhahar is thickly forested fertile landscapes with a raising height of 600 m from the Terrain region. The reserve has a total height ranging from four hundred to one thousand and two hundred meters. The hills, river valleys, open plateaus and plateaus display distinct vegetation. This 201 square miles park is known for the large population of tigers, leopards and elephants.
The Corbett National Park is home to the most valued wildlife in India. Apart from the Bengal Tigers and Elephants, the wildlife in the Corbett National Park includes Himalayan Palm Civet, Indian Gray Mongoose, Common Otter, Blacknaped Hare and Porcupine. Besides the huge herds of Asian elephants, one can also find the two types of crocodiles -
Gharial and Mugger - on the muddy banks of Ramganga River
. The leopards are generally seen in the hilly terrains of the National Park. The national park also consists of the various reptiles. These are namely Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat and Fishing Cat. The Dole or Wild Dog and Jackal are seen in the southern territories of the national park. The Langur and Rhesus Monkeys are also quite common in the Corbett national park.
In Corbett National Park birds including raptures and also tiny singing birds can be seen. There are more than five hundred species of birds that are available here. Osprey, Pallas's Fish Eagle, Lesser Fish Eagle, Black Eagle, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Crested Goshawk, Hen Harrier, Lesser Spotted Eagle. Brown Fish Owl, Brown Hawk Owl, Spot-bellied Eagle Owl" are illustrious examples of bird raptures. The whole park is filed with the mesmerizing voices of birds. These include Red Junglefowl, Kalij Pheasant, Black Francolin, Great Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Greater Yellownape, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Blue-throated Barbet, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Dollarbird, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Spangled Drongo, Maroon Oriole, Orange-bellied Leafbird, white-crested Laughingthrush. Along the riverside no can ignore the presence of birds like the Black-necked Stork, Black Stork, Darter, Great Cormorant, Common Merganserand Crested Kingfisher.
The Corbett National Park is coveted for its plethora of wild life including tigers, birds, nicely juxtaposed by the forest fertility and alluvial soils.