Bawana has an average height of 213 metres (698 feet). The villages touching Bawana are Nangalthakran, Bajitpur, Dariyapur, Majradabas, Poothkhurd, Holabmikhurd, Khedakhurd, Holambikalan, Sultanpurdabas and Ghogha. The district consists of three subdivisions. These are Saraswati Vihar, Narela, and Model Town.
Geography of Bawana
The area of the village under farming was 52000 bigha, but now most of this land has been acquired by the Delhi Government for industrial use. Bawana, with its khadar soil, is very fertile, with a high water table due to the western Yamuna canal and the high density of ponds. The climate in the region is extreme, with very high temperatures in the summer and almost zero level temperatures in the winter months.
Demographics of Bawana
As of 2001 India census, Bawana had a population of 23,095. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Bawana has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 61% of the males and 39% of females literate. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Bawana is home to "Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Industrial Park", which is one of the best planned industrial areas of India. Rajiv Gandhi Stadium has been made in the village keeping in mind the need of sport persons from rural Delhi. A 1000 MW natural gas power plant is also in construction in the area and a 20 MGD water treatment plant has also been set up considering the electricity and water woes of rural Delhi. Bawana also has an Air Force Station and a CRPF Base Camp.
The "SOS Children’s Village" was awarded for being the best orphanage in Delhi. It is one of the few places where the Delhi Public Library still runs, and will be refurbished soon. The tehsil of Bawana is one of the twenty historical sites that were renovated to be showcased during the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi.