(Last Updated on : 07/09/2011)
Parsurameswar Temple is one of the oldest temples located in Bhubaneshwar
in the Indian state Orissa
. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and was built in 650 AD. It stands as one of the finest specimen of an early Hindu temple of the Sailodbhava period. The temple is thronged by thousands of devotees.
The temple of Parsurameswar is endowed with many features of the pre-10th century Orissan style of architecture. It is adorned with pine spire that curves up to a point over the sanctum that houses the presiding deity. The temple also has a pyramid-covered hall built for the devotees to sit and pray. The temple has a deul rising abruptly to a height of 12.80m. Parsurameswar is the only temple of the early period with a surviving Jagamohana.
Architectural Pattern of Parsurameswara Temple
The Parsurameswara temple faces westward and houses a Vimana and Jagamohana. The vimana of the temple is a triratha. The bada of the Vimana begins from the Talapatna or Pavement. Parsurameswara Temple is decorated with a bas-relief of processions of elephants and horses. The windows of the temple are decorated with intricate latticework and the courtyard is adorned with striking carvings of Lord Ganesha
, the elephant God, and other deities. The north-west corner of the temple houses a unique Lingam with 1000 engraved lingas. Other interesting carvings are those of Shiva throwing down king "Ravana
," who is trying to uproot Mount Kailasa, the resting place of Lord Shiva
The sculptures of Parasuramesvar temple have been designed in pure Orissan style. They bear an elegance and style of their own. Although the temple has not been richly carved but the sculptures have been designed tastefully. The lower portion of the bada of the Jagamohana depicts array deities of the Brahmanical pantheon that comprises of Lord Shiva
, Lord Surya
, dancing Ardhanarisvara (composite form of Shiva and Parvati), Shiva-Parvati
, Harihara, Lord Yama
, Lord Varuna
, Ganga Yamuna and Matrikas. Lakulisa has also been placed among the deities. There are seven Matrikas that are that have been carved according to their typical characteristic attributes. They are headed by the four armed Virabhadra
and Lord Ganesha. The shrine of the presiding deity, Lord Shiva is richly decorated.
Parsurameswara temple is thus one of the best preserved monuments that stand as an example of the Kalingan style of temple architecture.