Lava is the nearest town and around 30km away from Kalimpong town. The nearest airport is Bagdogra, which is 100 km away, where as nearest railway station is New Jalpaiguri, around 130 km. The narrow gauge railhead at Darjeeling, 30 km, is well conncetd with Siliguri. Moreover, Regular buses are available from Siliguri to Kalimpong and the distance is 100 km. Neora Valley National Park can also be reached from Samsing.
Geography of Neora Valley National Park
Neora Valley National Park contains a total area of 88 sq km with an altitude of 10600 ft. The highest summit of the park, Rechela Danda extends up to the borders of Bhutan and Sikkim. The Neora River, which flows through the park, is one of the major sources of water for the town of Kalimpong and its neighbouring areas.
Flora of Neora Valley National Park
Neora Valley incorporates a unique and rare ecosystem as it is amongst the last natural reserves in the country which is still untouched and virgin. The local ecosystem sustains tropical, sub-tropical, temperate and sub-temperate vegetation, which consists of varied flora and fauna. The forests contains of diverse species like Bamboo, Rhododendron, Ferns, Oak, Sal, etc. The valley also has several species of orchids.
Fauna of Neora Valley National Park
Neora Valley National Park is considered as a paradise for birds and bird lovers. There are several birds found here in the semi-evergreen forests between 1600 m and 2700 m. birds like Rufous-throated Partridges, Crimson-breasted Woodpeckers, Golden-throated Barbet, Satyr Tragopan, Lesser Cuckoo, Darjeeling Woodpecker, Brown Wood Owl, Ashy Wood Pigeon, Jerdon's Baza, White-gorgeted Flycatcher, Chestnut-crowned Warblers, Black-faced Laughingthrush, White-browed Bush Robin, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babblers, White-browed Shrike Babbler, Black Eagle, Red-headed Bullfinch, Fire-tailed Sunbird, Maroon-backed Accentor, Rufous-winged Fulvetta, Gold-naped Finch and many other varieties.
Moreover, various endangered species of animals are also found here like Red Panda, Musk Deer, Clouded Leopard, other varieties of Leopards and Civet, Golden Cat, Sloth Bear, Black Bear, Goral, Sambar, Wild Boar, Himalayan Flying Squirrel, Serow, Leopard cat and Thar. Reptiles like Blind Snake, Common Cobra krait, King cobra, Green Pit Viper and other Lizards are also abundant here. Various species of bugs and insects are prevalent here in the dense forests, like Butterflies, Wasps, Moths, Beetles, Cicadas and Bees.
Neora Valley National Park is Kalimpong is well renowned as a trek route for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers as it is pregnant with wide variety of flora and fauna and provides a panoramic view of the Himalyas.