(Last Updated on : 19/01/2019)
Haryanvi music has been popularised by the Bhats
, Saangis and Jogis
. Haryanvi music can be traced back to the Vedic
times. This state is very rich in folk music
whose roots lie in the classical music
. The unique feature of Haryanvi music is that it survives in cross-cultural traits of social rapport wherein ragas such as Jai Jai Vanti, Pahari, Bhairavi
, Kafi, Jhinjhoti and Bhairav
are used. Apart from Haryana
, this music is sung in western Uttar Pradesh
and neighbouring districts of Rajasthan and Punjab.
Classification of Haryanvi Music
Haryanvi music can be classified into 2 main categories: one is the countryside music and the other is the classical one. The countryside music emphasises on legendary tales, such as Purana-Bhagata, ceremonial songs, seasonal songs, ballads
etc. The countryside Haryanvi music is based on Raag Bhairvi, Raag Bhairav, Raag Kafi, Raag Jhinjoti and Raag Pahadi among others.
The classical music comprises of songs with mythological themes: Allah, Jaimalphalla, Barahmas, some Teej songs, Phag and Holi
songs, belong to this group. The Jogis are especially skilled in using Allah, Jaimal-phatta and other heroic ballads with their rich melodies and resonant-appealing voice.
Musical Instruments of Haryanvi Music
There are different types of string instruments
which are mainly used in Haryanvi music. The preferred instrument is the Sarangi
. It is used by the jogis in order to form the musical backdrop to their songs. These songs are based on tales of chivalry and valour. The 'been' and the flute provide rhythmic tunes. 'Been' is an instrument associated with the snake charmers. At times, a matka replace the dholak.
, shankh, harmonium
, nagara, ghungru, tasha, khanjri and manjira
are other musical instruments
that are used. Iktara
is another instrument with one string, made from a piece of bamboo
with a gourd at one end. It is mainly associated with the Jogis. They also create music with matchsticks, papaya
, the mango
seed and a strip of wood.
Villages of Haryana Named after Haryanvi Music
Haryana is the only state in India
that has its towns and villages named after various ragas. Some of the names of villages
in Dadri Tehsil district that are inspired by ragas include Nandyam, Sarangpur, Bilawala, Brindabana, Todi, Asaveri, Jaishri, Malakoshna, Hindola, Bhairavi, Gopi Kalyana etc. In the same way, the Jind district
comprises of village names like Jai Jai Vanti, Malavi etc.