Classification of Haryanvi Music
Haryanvi music can be classified into 2 main categories: one is the countryside music and the other is the classical one. The countryside music emphasises on legendary tales, such as Purana-Bhagata, ceremonial songs, seasonal songs, ballads etc. The countryside Haryanvi music is based on Raag Bhairvi, Raag Bhairav, Raag Kafi, Raag Jhinjoti and Raag Pahadi among others.
The classical music comprises of songs with mythological themes: Allah, Jaimalphalla, Barahmas, some Teej songs, Phag and Holi songs, belong to this group. The Jogis are especially skilled in using Allah, Jaimal-phatta and other heroic ballads with their rich melodies and resonant-appealing voice.
Musical Instruments of Haryanvi Music
There are different types of string instruments which are mainly used in Haryanvi music. The preferred instrument is the Sarangi. It is used by the jogis in order to form the musical backdrop to their songs. These songs are based on tales of chivalry and valour. The 'been' and the flute provide rhythmic tunes. 'Been' is an instrument associated with the snake charmers. At times, a matka replace the dholak.
Shehnai, shankh, harmonium, damru, nagara, ghungru, tasha, khanjri and manjira are other musical instruments that are used. Iktara is another instrument with one string, made from a piece of bamboo with a gourd at one end. It is mainly associated with the Jogis. They also create music with matchsticks, papaya, the mango seed and a strip of wood.
Villages of Haryana Named after Haryanvi Music
Haryana is the only state in India that has its towns and villages named after various ragas. Some of the names of villages in Dadri Tehsil district that are inspired by ragas include Nandyam, Sarangpur, Bilawala, Brindabana, Todi, Asaveri, Jaishri, Malakoshna, Hindola, Bhairavi, Gopi Kalyana etc. In the same way, the Jind district comprises of village names like Jai Jai Vanti, Malavi etc.