(Last Updated on : 08/12/2016)
Jayalalithaa Jayaram, an Indian actress
, was a 6 time Chief Minister
of Tamil Nadu
. She was also the General Secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
(AIADMK) party. She was sworn-in as the chief minister for a record sixth term on 23rd May 2016. She held the distinction for being the second female Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
. Her followers fondly refer to her as "Amma", meaning mother, and "Puratchi Thalaivi", meaning revolutionary leader.
Early Life of Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa was born on 24th February 1948 at Melukote in Mysore
in a Tamil Iyengar
family. Her father Jayaram, a lawyer by profession, passed away when she was just two years old. Consequently, Jayalalitha and her brother had to shift to Bengaluru
along with their mother. Her mother, Vedavathi, started working in Tamil cinema
with the screen name of Sandhya.
Jayalalitha completed her schooling from Bishop Cotton Girls High School and Sacred Heart Matriculation School in Chennai
. She was a very good student and received scholarship for higher studies from the Government of India
after completing her matriculation in 1964.
Film Career of Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa was a famous South Indian film star before she joined Politics. She took up films shortly after her studies. She had appeared as a lead actress in various films in Tamil
languages. She was also a trained Bharatnatyam dancer
and had proficiency in other dance forms
as well. She also lent her voice as singer
in some of her films. She appeared in 140 films from 1961 to 1980.
Political Career of Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa was nominated to Rajya Sabha
in the year 1984 and served in this post till 1989. Due to her immense popularity she won the elections to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly in 1989. In 1991, she became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, the youngest Chief Minister for the first time. She earned a reputation for a punishing work ethic and for centralising state power among her council of ministers. Her alliance with politics grew from her association with the Late M. G. Ramachandran.
In 1996 she lost due to corruption charges levelled against her and her ministers. However in 2001 she returned to power with a huge majority. In 2006 assemble election she had to surrender power to the DMK
government. In the 2011 state assembly elections AIADMK led a 12-party alliance and won the elections. J. Jayalalithaa once again established power and her party retained its western bastion, captured its southern stronghold. She became the chief minister for the third time. Her cabinet of ministers was the largest ever since independence
Major Initiatives in Administration:
Banned high interest private loans.
Completed New Veeranam Water Supply Scheme for Chennai.
Banned sale of lottery tickets.
Distribution of free cycles to all graduating school students.
For orphaned infants cradle baby scheme.
Government take over of liquor trade through TASMAC in order to prevent deaths owing to consumption of prohibited liquor.
Introduction of video conferencing in Jails and Courts which eliminated the need to physically bring the accused to court.
Rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts during calamity which also included the 2004 Tsunami and the 2005 floods.
Achievements of Jayalalithaa
In 1972, Jayalalithaa was awarded the Kalaimamani by the Government of Tamil Nadu. She has received several honorary doctorates and other honours, beginning with an award from the University of Madras
Death of Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa died on December 5, 2016 at the age of 68 years after suffering from a major cardiac arrest.