The shell of the Madal is of burnt clay and is waisted, though the construction at the centre is not as sharp as the Udukkai or the Damaru. It is much more gradual. Also the two mouths are of unequal sizes, the left being larger. The membranes are usually of monkey hide stretched across circular hoops or braids. The two hoops are interconnected by a leather strap, passing over and over again without touching the body. This gives the instrument the appearance of a truncated cone, especially as these leather strips almost hide the shell. The right face has a permanent load of iron filings and the left one of rice paste. To play the instrument, both the faces are beaten with the hands while holding the Madal horizontally.
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