(Last Updated on : 27-10-2018)
Chief Minister of Punjab is the head of the Government
. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Punjab
appoints the Chief Minister
. The Chief Ministers term is for five years and is subject to no term limits. Since 1947, Punjab had 16 Chief Ministers.
Gopi Chand Bhargava
The first Chief Minister of Punjab was Gopi Chand Bhargava from 15th August 1947 to 13th April 1949. His was elected for another two terms; from 18th October 1949 to 20th June 1951 and from 21st June 1961 to 6th July 1964. He belonged to the Indian National Congress
Bhim Sen Sachar
Bhim Sen Sachar was the second Chief Minister after Gopi Chand Bhargava. His tenure was from 13th April 1949 to 18th October 1949. He was again elected from 17th April 1952 to 23rd January 1956. He belonged to the Indian National Congress party.
Presidents Rule in Punjab
The first Presidents rule in Punjab was from June 1951 and lasted for 119 days. During this time, the state of Haryana
was separated from Punjab. The next Presidents Rule in Punjab was from July 1966 to November 1966 and then followed from August 1968 to February 1969, July 1971 to March 1972, April 1977 to June 1977, February 1980 to June 1980, October 1983 to September 1985 and lastly from Jun 1987 to February 1992.
Pratap Singh Kairon
In 23rd January 1956, Pratap Singh Kairon became the Chief Minister of Punjab serving until 21st June 1964. He belonged to the Indian National Congress. He was also a freedom fighter
In July 1964, Ram Kishan assumed the office and served for two years. He belonged to the Indian National Congress.
Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir
Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir was the first Chief Minister of the newly re-configured state from 1st November 1966 to 8th March 1967. He belonged to the Indian National Congress.
In the 1967 elections, Gurnam Singh became the first non-Congress chief minister. He belonged to the Shiromani Akali Dal. He has served in this position for 8 months. He was again elected in the same position from 17th February 1969 to 27th March 1970.
Lachhman Singh Gill
Lachhman Singh Gill became the Chief Minister of Punjab from 25th November 1967 to 23rd August 1968. He belonged to the Shiromani Akali Dal.
Parkash Singh Badal
In 1970, Parkash Singh Badal became the Chief Minister of Punjab for the first time serving for a period of 15 months. He belonged to the Shiromani Akali Dal. He was elected for another three terms; from 20th June 1977 to 17th February 1980, 12th February 1997 to 26th February 2002 and from 1st March 2007 to 16th March 2017. He is the longest serving Chief Minister of Punjab till date.
Giani Zail Singh
Giani Zail Singh became the Chief Minister of Punjab from 17th March 1972 to 30th April 1977. He belonged to the Indian National Congress party. He also served as the seventh President of India
Darbara Singh became the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1980 and remained in office for 3 years before a long period under Presidents rule. He belonged to the Indian National Congress party.
Surjit Singh Barnala
Surjit Singh Barnala became the Chief Minister of Punjab from 29th September 1985 to 11th June 1987. He belonged to the Shiromani Akali Dal. Following that, he also served as the Governor
of Tamil Nadu
, Andhra Pradesh
and Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Beant Singh became the Chief Minister of Punjab from 25th February 1992 to 31st August 1995. He belonged to the Indian National Congress party. He was assassinated in a bomb blast at the secretariat complex in Chandigarh
Harcharan Singh Brar
Harcharan Singh Brar became the Chief Minister of Punjab from 31st August 1995 to 21st January 1996. He belonged to the Indian National Congress party.
Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
Rajinder Kaur Bhattal became the first female Chief Minister of Punjab from 21st January 1996 to 12th February 1997. She belonged to the Indian National Congress. She is the first and so far only female to hold the office of Chief Minister in Punjab.
Captain Amarinder Singh
The incumbent Chief Minister of Punjab is Captain Amarinder Singh who is heading an Indian National Congress government since 16th March 2017. Earlier, he was the Chief Minister of Punjab from 26th February 2002 to 1st March 2007.