(Last Updated on : 10-12-2010)
Concerning Subsistence to the Government Servants claims in chapter III of Book V of Arthashastra
that the king should fix at least one fourth of the total revenue charges for the maintaining the servants and at the same time attend to the requirements of the fort and countryside .this includes sacrificial priests, teachers, commander of the army, heir apparent princes, mother of the king and the queen who shall each receive 48000panas per annum. With this amount of subsistence, they will hardly yield themselves to temptation or discontentment. Regarding the door keepers, superintendents of the harem, commander, collector general and the chamberlain all shall be due for 24,000 panas per annum on which they shall be serviceable.
Concerning subsistence to the Government Servants in case of prince, nurse of the prince, the chief constable, officer in charge of the town, superintendent of law and commerce; the superintendent of manufacturing; members of council of ministers, Superintendent of country parts and of boundaries shall receive 12000 panas which shall make them loyal towards the king. In case of chief of military corporations which include chiefs of elephants, horses, chariots, and of infantry the wages shall vary from 8000, 4000 to 2000. In case of foretellers, astrologers, readers of puranas etc shall receive a payment of 1000 panas. In case of spies the, villagers, servants and savants leading the spies shall receive 250 panas as payment.
Concerning subsistence to the Government Servants shall authorise the superintendents to regulate the rates, wages, profits, appointments and transfer of men. It also provides subsistence for the wives, and sons of those who die during rendering services to the king either in the army or outside at times of emergency. The king can also provide subsistence to his masses by providing them livelihood in the waste lands. It also provides specifically that all the armoury and weapons shall enter into the armoury only when it will possess the royal mark with king's seal on it.
Thus, Concerning Subsistence to the Government Servants mainly includes the source of income of those who serve the king and his kingdom both inside and outside the fortified area which owes the honesty of the serving people.