(Last Updated on : 27-08-2013)
Rural cottage industries in Mughal India supported a major portion of the rural population apart from agriculture. It acted as one of the main sources of the economic development of that era. These small scale village industries not only helped in maintaining a distinguishable identity of Mughal period but also in the development of the trade markets. Cottage industries in Mughal India were carried on at home and that involved less number of people. The rural cottage industries mainly involved the work of traditional artisans and craftsmen. Those artisans have inherited the work as an art form from its previous generations. Silk
, wool, cotton
, muslin, etc. were some of the popular goods manufacture in village industries during Mughal rule.
The various indigenous products of the rural cottage industries have attracted large number of foreign traders and merchants. Thus, with the help of these small scale industries the country had successfully established trade relations with the Greek, Chinese and Arab merchandisers. It is widely believed that in the medieval India, the country's craftsmen and artisans flourished extensively under the rule of the Mughal dynasty. Indian hand-industries, chiefly textiles largely expanded in Mughal period. These industries provided economic opportunities to poorer peasants through employment. During the Mughal rule the production of handicrafts and other traditional goods increased as a result of expanding cottage industries. Thus, they helped in keeping up with the increasing trade demands from foreign countries. It is also said that the destruction of the rural cottage industries after the invasion of the British rulers constitutes one of the fiercest chapters in the economic history of the country.
This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to firstname.lastname@example.org
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Walis or Sufi Saints are those who have established a connection with the universal consciousness. They are closely connected to God to the extent that some of them remain cut-off from the real physical world as in the case of the condition of Wilayat Awwal. There are different levels of Wali depending on the extent of love and unity with the Almighty that they feel and exhibit in their behaviour.
|• ||Village Administration of Rashtrakuta Empire|
Village administration of Rashtrakuta Empire was headed by the village headman. Villages were divided for efficient governance.
|• ||Suddhi Movement|
Suddhi Movement aimed at purifying those Hindus who were converted to other religions in the nineteenth century.
|• ||Sikandar Lodi|
Sikandar Lodi was the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty and became Sultan after the death of his father Bahlul Khan Lodi on July 17, 1489.
|• ||Shamsuddin Habib Allah|
Shamsuddin Habib Allah was another great Sufi saint having a liberal attitude towards various religions. Also known as Mirza Zanzana, he was a Master of the four Tariqats- Naqshbandia, Qadiria, Suhrawardia and Chishtia Orders. He was killed by unknown persons and died a martyr and his mausoleum, situated near Jama Masjid in Delhi, is called the `Shahid Sahab ki Mazar`.