(Last Updated on : 11-08-2010)
Influence of Renaissance was apparent on the religious ideals and philosophy. Thus, it can be said that the overall impact of Indian renaissance does not only considers the matter of ideals in literature, and of the relationship between poetry and philosophy. Religion in India includes the degradations of sacerdotal and personal selfishness; articulating divergent activities like God realisation, analysis of human nature, thinking process, etc. Religion is an instinctive mode of Indian thought. It is the religious impulse that determined the character and extent of the Renaissance in India. Religion, in a subtler sense is the mainspring of the Tagore poetry and the Tagore paintings, and there were many in the country looking for a new Renaissance in religion itself.
The period of renaissance saw a huge impact on the religion of the country. It was commonly believed that prophecy is a dangerous occupation in a land of vast attainment and incalculable potentialities. In India, translations of works on the Tantra Shastra and religious works are placed among the precious things. There are reprehensible practices connected with Tantric observance; but its honesty compels the recognition of the fact that every practice is supposed to be encouraged by Tantra
with a view to the attainment of occult powers or spiritual illumination with no other motive than self-gratification. Tantra, on the contrary, throws its circumference around the whole circle of human activity by linking every phase of conduct with religion. It includes worship with flesh-foods because it recognises that this is inherent in certain stages of human development, and because it believes that they are more certain to be transcended through being associated with the religious idea than through being left alone, or in an antagonistic relationship to religion.
It is the recognition of spiritual distinctions that marks the Tantra as a scripture that will appeal more and more to the future and exercise growing renascent influence. With the passage of time, science has passed inwards from the physical to the psychical, and it draws religion with it in due time, and leave those systems outside that have not a psychological basis to their faith and practice. The renaissance period popularised the practices based on knowledge of and relation with the relative world.