Average landholding per household in the district is 1.58 hectares. Firewood accounts for fuel requirement of 91% of the households, which is by and large collected from the forests. Most important food crops and fruits produced in the district are rice, tuber, groundnut, ragi, mangoes, kharsani, custard apple, and others. 66 percent of the agricultural land in Dang District is situated on slopes, with irregular topography.
Local traditional crops like ragi are best adapted for cultivation in Dang district as it can grow in rain-fed areas on sloppy land. The agricultural production pattern is gradually changing from traditional coarse grains like ragi, kharsani, and tuver to rice.
About 59 percent of the total area in Dang District is covered with forestland. The forestland for the most part falls under reserve forests, and is the richest forest in Gujarat. The forests of Dangs are capital for medicinal plants, such as Mardasingi (Helicteres ixora) and Baheda (Tecome stans microcarpa). Besides these, Khakro (Butea monosperma), Sag (Tectona grandis), Umbero (Ficus racemora), and bamboo trees are also present. Purna Wildlife Sanctuary and the Vansda National Park present in the district are home to wildlife such as hyena, barking deer, sambar, chital, and monkey. These are major tourist destinations and source of revenue earner of the district.
Forestland provides maximum opportunities to produce sustainable livelihood and employment for the villagers. Animal husbandry and dairy production have increased business prospects for the local population. Agro-processing and tourism are the supporting pillars of the economy. Plantation and nursery development activities have the potential to generate maximum wage employment. The district also owns a few rich forests, small and large waterfalls, beautiful landscapes, and a tribal culture which account for huge influx of tourists in the district.
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