The revenue system of Shivaji was Ryotwari in which the state had direct contact with peasants. Shivaji mostly avoided the system of assigning Jagirs to his officers and whenever he assigned jagirs to them, the right of collecting the revenue was kept with the officials. He adopted the revenue on the basis of which, cultivators were asked to pay thirty three per cent of their produce to the state. Afterwards Shivaji abolished nearly forty local taxes. He encouraged people of other castes to settle down as farmers in his kingdom, gave them lands and did not charge revenue from them till their lands were in a position to yield sufficient produce. Shivaji collected revenue in cash and kind both.
The kingdom of Shivaji was divided into sixteen parts with the purpose of collecting the revenue. These sixteen parts were further divided into tarfs and each tarf was further subdivided into mauzs. The revenue officer of a province was called the subedar while the officer in a tarf was called the karkun. The revenue administration of Shivaji remained successful, and the life style of the population prospered.
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