(Last Updated on : 26-09-2014)
Nagpur district lies practically at the very geographical centre of India. Nagpur is 837 kms from Mumbai
, 1094 Kms south of Delhi
, 1092 kms north of Chennai
and 1140 kms west of Kolkata
. It is located at the north latitude of 21.07 and east longitude of 79.07. It lies at a height of 312.42 metres above mean sea level. The town is dominated by the British fort built in 1818 on the twin hills of Sitabuldi in the centre of the city of Nagpur. It overlooks the civil lines on the west, the city proper on the east and north, and the suburb of Sitabuldi (Burdi) to the south. Northwest of the civil lines is the Gorewara reservoir with a dam 2,350 ft long. There are several fine old reservoirs (tanks) notably Shukrawari (Jumma) Talao, Ambazari and Telankhedi, and many parks in and around the city.
The surrounding region is an undulating plateau rising northward to the Satpura mountain Range
, from 889 to 2,142 feet (271 to 653 m) high. It is drained by the Kanhan River
and Pench River
in the centre, the Wardha River
in the west, and the Wainganga River
in the east. Both these rivers later merge as tributaries into the Godavari River
. The soil is fertile black (cotton) in the west and the north and alluvial soil
in the east. Forest Cover in the district is 28 percent, i.e., 2818 sq. Kms. The average annual rainfall is 45 inches, with more rain in the east than in the west. In the west, the hills are forested. In the northeast are the hills of Ramtek. Maximum, Average and Minimum Rain fall are 1993 mm, 1205 mm and 606 mm respectively.
The climate of Nagpur follows a typical seasonal monsoon weather pattern. The peak temperatures are usually reached in May/June and can be as high as 48 degree Celsius. The onset of monsoon is usually from July and the season extends up to September, with monsoon peaking during July and August. After monsoons, the average temperature varies between 27 degree Celsius and approximately 6 to 7 degree Celsius right through December and January. Wind blows with a maximum speed of 22 Km / Hrs or higher in the month of February and the onset of monsoon season i.e. in the end of May and first week of June. This is due to the generation of a low pressure area in this region. Rest of the time, the wind speed is below 5 to 7 Km/Hr and the humidity is usually between 70 and 20 percent.