(Last Updated on : 19/12/2013)
Pilgrimage tourism in Birbhum district
of West Bengal lies in visiting the various ancient temples located here. Of particular interest here are the various pithas that are found here. Pithas are said to be the sites where one of the many dismembered body parts of Sati fell. Apart from these a number of Shiva temples are also found strewn in the district.
, a holy religious place, is situated in the village Tarapur under Rampurhat Police Station of Rampurhat Sub-Division in the Birbhum district. It is called thus because it is believed that the eyeball (tara) of Sati fell here. Others believe that Tarapith is not a pitha. It is held that the place owes its sanctity to the fact the Sage Basistha had worshipped the Goddess Sati here in the form of Tara. The common local opinion however is that it is really pith and Basistha selected this place for worshipping Sati because it was a pitha. Tarapith is visited everyday by a large number of devotees. Tarapith is located three and a half hours away from Kolkata
when travelling by train. From other districts of West Bengal it can be reached by bus.
is another one of the fifty-two pithas where a part of the dismembered body of Sati fell. It is believed that the waist or the Kankal
fell here and hence the name. Kankalitala is situated 9Kms away from the Bolpur Railway Station on the northeast. It is well connected by the Bolpur-Labpur bus route. Another one of the 52 pithas or sacred places where Sati
's dismembered parts fell is that of Labpur. It is located in a village in Bolpur Subdivision situated on Suri-Kirnahar Pucca road about 10 Kms to the east of Ahmedpur Railway Station. It is covered by road from Ahmedpur Railway Station at a distance of 12 Km by road. Frequent bus services are also available from Shiuri, Sainthia and Bolepur.
, famous for the Nalateswari Temple, is so called because the Nala or throat of Sati fell here as known by tradition. Another report says that it was the Lalat or forehead that fell here. Located on a small and beautiful hill, Nalahati is another one of the 52 pithas. It is situated near Nalhati Railway Station on the Howrah
Sahebganj loop line of Eastern Railways. Trains and frequent buses ply to Nalhati.
village in the Suri Sub-division is situated 18 kilometers South West of Suri, the district headquarters of Birbhum district. The place is renowned for the "hot-spring" found here. There are a number of hot springs with cold springs in close proximity to them. The hot springs at Bakreswar are reputed to cure numerous chronic ailments. It also has immense historical importance as a holy place as a result of the existence of the Shivlingam found here. The springs run into a rivulet and join a small stream about 200 yards from the temple. A big mela is held every year on the day of Shivaratri
, located 22 kilometers from Shiuri, is a small township which contains a number of temples of Lord Shiva
. A number of gigantic rocks are found in the vicinity. The granite is gray and composed of glassy quartz pink, gray feldspar and black mica
. Two remarkable exhibits of these rocks are known as Mama
(Uncle and Nephew). The place is well-connected from Shiuri by bus.
Patharchapuri, a village in the Shiuri Police station area, is famous as the residence of the Mohammedan Saint Hazrat Data Meheboob Shah Wali famously known as "Data-Baba". He was a great Sufi saint who is believed to have died in 1892 A.D. It is said that he was gifted a miraculous power and used to cure dangerous diseases by applying ashes of dust. His tomb in the village is frequented by many visitors every year. A large fair locally known as "Data Saheber Mela", perhaps the largest in the region, is held in Patharchapuri village in the month of Chaitra (March-April) every year commemorating the death anniversary of Data Saheb. Hundreds of pilgrims visit and form part of this fair. Patharchapuri is well connected with Suri by bus and other forms of road transport.
Rajnagar, 25 Kms away from Shiuri, is famous for the artificial tank Kalidaha. It is said to have been excavated by the Hindu Rajas and dedicated to Goddess Kali
. On three sides of the Kalidaha tank there are the wings of the former palaces of Mohamedan Rajas of Nagar. In front of the ruins of the Imambara stands a fine mosque in a state of good preservation, which is still used by the local Mohammedans. A little to the south are the ruins of another old mosque called the Motichur Masjid which had twelve Tombs, though some fell down. Other wings that are worth a mention are Nahabatkhana of the Bir Rajas, the Ful-bagan, and Burial place of the Mohammaden Rajas. Rajnagar is well connected with Shiuri by bus.
The various sites of pilgrimage tourism as found in Birbhum district are thus discussed above.