Lord Birkenhead was born on 12 July 1872. He received his early education from Birkenhead School. During the period when he served as the Indian Secretary of State Muddiman Committee was signed. Moreover, the political situation in Bengal was quite tense because of the terrorist movement during that phase. Birkenhead expressed an outburst when the Congress refused to co-operate in the working of the reforms.
He delivered a lecture in this regard and challenged the Indian leaders to put forward a Constitution which would carry fair measure of general agreement among the people of India. Lord Birkenhead also invited the leaders to discuss the failure of the British government. This challenge was accepted by Pandit Motilal Nehru on behalf of the Swarajya Party in the Central Legislative Assembly in September 1925. He put forth an amendment that came to be known as the 'National Demand'. It carried the support of all parties, including the Liberals and the Muslims.
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