Christianity is the predominant religion in the villages and the state is referred to as "The most populated Baptist state in the world". There are also several tribal communities living in the villages of Nagaland. The major tribes include Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khemungan, Kuki, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sema, Sangtam, Yimchungru, Zeliang, etc. The people in the villages of Nagaland speak in more than 50 different dialects that belong to the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. Almost all the tribes have their own language and among these, the Nagamese language is spoken quite extensively.
Education in Villages of Nagaland
The educational scenario in the villages of Nagaland is quite good. The number of school going children is impressive and the governmental authorities have established many primary schools in most villages. There is scope for the students to pursue higher education as there are several colleges and universities established in the urban areas. The governmental authorities are also establishing new educational institutions in the villages as they feel the need of further improving the educational status of the villages of Nagaland.
Occupation in Villages of Nagaland
The principal occupation of residents in the villages of Nagaland is agriculture. They mainly follow 2 methods of cultivation, namely, Jhum Cultivation and Terrace Cultivation. The major crops cultivated in the villages of Nagaland include rice, maize, arum, yam, millet, gram, rubber, tea, sugarcane, etc. The villagers in Nagaland also cultivate the fruits like banana, pineapple, orange, passion fruit, pears, plum, jackfruit, etc. quite extensively. Apart from these, the vegetables like ginger, garlic, chilli, tomato, potato, cabbage, melon, cucumber, spinach leaf, mustard, onion, brinjal, etc. are cultivated in the villages of Nagaland as well.
The villages of Nagaland are major sources of minerals like coal, limestone, petroleum, marble, etc. A significant portion of the rural population in Nagaland is engaged with the mines and minerals industry. Apart from this, villagers are also involved in the cottage industry. The cottage industry plays a crucial role in the village economy in Nagaland. The major cottage industries include weaving and dyeing; cane craft; wood craft; pottery and excavation of salt, pulp and paper mill, etc. Spinning and weaving were the two most significant industries in the villages of Nagaland until independence. The other industries like jewellery and beadwork, sugar mills, paper mills, plywood factories, bricks plants, etc. also provide employment to the people in the villages of Nagaland.
Festivals in Villages of Nagaland
The cultural diversity in the villages of Nagaland is quite remarkable. The villagers regard the festivals sacrosanct and in certain tribal communities participation in the festivals is compulsory. The predominant theme of the festivals is offering prayers to a Supreme Being that has different names in different Naga dialects. The major festivals celebrated in the villages of Nagaland include Moatsu, Tsungrem Mong, Nazu, Sekrenyi, Tuluni, Yemshe, Hornbill, Bushu, etc. The festivals are actually a testimony to the fascination and love the Naga tribesmen have for art and craft. The people love to wear their traditional attires and also perform various traditional songs and dances during the festivals.
Art and Culture in Villages of Nagaland
The most notable feature of village society in Nagaland is its rich arts and crafts. People in the villages of Nagaland are skilled in making various types of arts and crafts. The skilled tribal craftsmen and artisans have always been the pillars of a tribal society in Naga villages.
The rich cultural diversity in the villages of Nagaland attracts many tourists from all over the country every year.