(Last Updated on : 28-08-2017)
Villages of Himachal Pradesh has majority of the states total population. In fact the state has one of the highest percentages of rural population. The villagers of the state love to live in peace and tranquility and are quite helpful to each other.
People from different religious communities live in the villages of Himachal Pradesh
. The Hindus are the major religions
in the villages
and the other major religious communities
include the Muslims
, etc. However, there are a significant number of tribal communities
living in the villages of Himachal Pradesh. The major tribes of Himachal Pradesh
include the Gaddis
, Pangawals, Lahaula
, Piral, Spitians, etc. The people in the villages of Himachal Pradesh speak in various languages
, Pahari, Dogri, Mandeali, Kangri, Kinnauri, etc.
Education in Villages of Himachal Pradesh
The educational status of the villages of Himachal Pradesh is quite impressive. The literacy rates in these villages are quite high. The children in the villages get their first lessons from the government primary schools and then go on to pursue higher education
in the colleges and universities established in the urban areas of the state.
Occupation in Villages of Himachal Pradesh
is the principal occupation of a majority of people in the villages of Himachal Pradesh. The topography of the state is mostly hilly and hence, the type of cultivation is terraced. A majority of the villagers fall in the category of small and marginal farmers and horticulture and vegetable
cultivation is a major part of agricultural activities in the state.
The major crops
cultivated in the villages of Himachal Pradesh include wheat
, paddy, gram, sugarcane
, potato, vegetables, barley, black gram, beans, lesser millets
, pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat, Amaranthus, etc.
Apart from agriculture, many are involved in different types of artistic production and handicraft
produced in this state is worth appreciating. The most popular crafts produced in the villages of Himachal Pradesh include carpets
, leather works
, wood work
, etc. Among these, the Pashmina shawl
has earned popularity all over the country. The colourful Himachali caps are also a famous art work. Weaving
, carving, chiselling, etc. are considered to be an integral part of the village life in Himachal Pradesh.
Festivals in Villages of Himachal Pradesh
The villages of Himachal Pradesh have rich tradition and cultural heritage. The villagers celebrate different types of religious and social fairs
together, irrespective of their religion or castes. The most famous fairs and festivals celebrated in the villages of Himachal Pradesh include Pori, Dussehra
, Halda, Lossar
, Phulaich, International Himalayan Festival, Diwali
, Minjar Fair
, Lavi Trade Fair, Mandi Shivratri Fair
, Shoolini Mela, Mani Mahesh Chhari Yatra, Renuka Fair, Vrajeshwari fair, Jwalamukhi Fair
, Naina Devi Fair, etc. People in the villages of Himachal Pradesh take the festivals as a great platform for social communication. They perform various forms of music
and entreat their Gods.
The economic, educational and industrial
strength of the state largely depends on the villages of Himachal Pradesh. They are also the centre of the state's cultural and traditional activities and the people in the villages are keen on preserving their rich heritage intact.