History of Pamban Island
Pamban Island has its reference from Ramayana. According to mythological legends, Pamban Island is the place from where Lord Rama, built a bridge Ram Setu across the sea to Lanka to rescue his consort Sita, from her abductor, Ravana. It is believed that Lord Rama used to observe the Lanka kingdom from the hillocks. This is also the place where Rama worshipped Mahadeva to be absolved of the sin of killing Ravana. Both the people of Vaishnavism and Shaivism visit Pamban Island. It is known as the Varanasi of South India.
Geography of Pamban Island
Pamban Island is situated in the Gulf of Mannar at the extreme tip of South India. It has an average elevation of 10 meters (32 feet) above mean sea level. This island is spread across an area of 61.8 square kilometers and happens to be in the shape of a conch. Pamban Island has 30 km long stretch of township along with the serene sea beaches of white sands. It extends till Dhanushkodi.
Climate of Pamban Island
Pamban Island experiences tropical wet and dry climate; an average annual rainfall of 94 cm hails mostly from the retreating monsoon from October to January. Temperature will be around 30 degree Celsius to 35 degree Celsius and the highest ever recorded temperature at Pamban is 37 degree Celsius and the lowest is 17 degree Celsius.
Demography of Pamban Island
According to the Population census in the year 2011, Pamban Island has a total population of about 38,035. Hindus are mostly the residents of this place.
Tourism in Pamban Island
Pamban Island is an isolated island town from the mainland. As this place is closely associated with Lord Rama and his consort Sita, Pamban Island has many Hindu temples. Ramanatha Swamy Temple occupies the major area of Pamban Island. Thangachimadam is located at the middle portion of Rameswaram and this place is popular for the South Indian temples with elegant architectural and sculptural skills. Some of the Hindu deity temples in this region are Sri Balathandayuthapani Swamy Temple, Sri Kottai Muneeswarar Temple, Ekantharamar Temple and Villoondi Thirtham. Some of the popular churches of this region are Kattu Velanganni Church, Santhiyagappar Church and St. Infant Jesus Church. Dhanushkodi is now a tourism attraction for the presence of silence there.