(Last Updated on : 09/04/2009)
Pala Dynasty had influenced the Indian subcontinent as a whole and also the neighbouring countries. They had introduced a legacy in Bengal which is followed till the present days. In addition to that the modern culture and religion of Tibet is highly influenced by the Palas. The contribution of Palas in every sphere of life of the countrymen is innumerable. Besides, architecture and art, Literature under Pala Dynasty also flourished. The literature offered by the Palas have gained popularity in many Buddhist countries
It is in the period of Pala, Proto-Bangla language was born. Literature under Pala Dynasty included a range of Buddhist texts. The Buddhist texts of the Charyapada were the earliest form of Bangla language. Many books on every aspect of knowledge were compiled during the Pala Rule. Different books including on various subjects such as on philosophy, the books existed Agaman Shastra by Gaudapada, Nyay Kundali by Sridhar Bhatta, Karmanushthan Paddhati by Bhatta Bhavadeva. Other books comprise of medicinal books such as Chikitsa Sangraha, Ayurvedidwipika, Bhanumati, Shabdachandrika, Dravya Gunasangraha. Moreover, Atisha compiled more than 200 books. The great epic Ramacharitam was written by Sandhyakar Nandi the court poet of Madanpala , in the 9th century and it was regarded as a masterpiece of the Pala literature.
The examples regarding the expansion of Literature under Pala Dynasty are found in the copperplate inscriptions. The texts composed during the Pala rule were of extreme literary value. These distinctive inscriptions later came to be known as Gaudiya Style. However, the development of literature during the Pala period is hard to assess, yet, a few literary works have been found. The numerous Pala copperplates indicate the development of Sanskrit language and poetry. Sandhyakara Nandi was a poet who had acclaimed a marvellous position for his poetic work and exclusive poetic style.
Literature under Pala Dynasty encompasses works in different shastras. Besides, in the 12th century a medical treatise Shabda Pradipa was written by the royal physician Sureshvara. Other literary works of the Sureshvara embrace Vrksayurveda and Lohapaddhati. Jimutavahana contributed to the Dharmashastra literature through his Dayabhaga, Vyavaharamatrka and Kalaviveka. Pala dynast thus bestows to the modern society several outstanding forms of writing.