Location of Ajmer
Ajmer is located in Ajmer District in the central part of North West Indian state, Rajasthan. The city is positioned on the foothills of Aravalli Mountain Range.
History of Ajmer
This land of composite cultures was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 7th century A.D. Ajmer continued to be a major center of administration till the period when monarch of the Chauhan dynasty, Prithviraj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed Ghauri. But Chauhan rulers had to pay a heavy tribute to the conquerors to gain the power. Until 1365, Ajmer remained a feudatory of Delhi and was captured by the ruler of Mewar. In 1532, Ajmer was conquered by the Rathodes of Marwar. After that during the rule of British, Ajmer came under Rajputana Agency.
Geography of Ajmer
Ajmer is situated on the lower slopes of Aravalli Range. To the North of Ajmer, there located an artificial lake called Anasagar. Ajmer is surrounded by Jaipur and Tonk District (previously known as Princely State of Tonk) towards the East and Pali District in the West. The latitudinal and longitudinal limit of Ajmer is about 26.4499 degree North to 74.6399 degree East.
Demography of Ajmer
According to the population census in the year 2011, Ajmer had a total population of 2,584,913. The average literacy rate of Ajmer is about 70.46 percent. Out of which the male literacy rate is 83.93 percent and female literacy rate was 56.42 percent.
Tourism in Ajmer
Ajmer is dotted with several Hindu temples, Jain temples and the mosques. Some of the popular places of attractions are Ajmer Sharif Dargah, Happy valley, Baradari, Anasagar Lake, Dargah of Syed Meeran Hussain Khing Sawar (one of the popular dargah in India), Taragarh Fort (known for the gates), Adhai Din Ka Jhonpda, Akbari Fort and Museum, Tomb of Khwaja Husain Ajmeri, Mayo College (a popular colonial architecture), Sai Baba Temple, Soniji Ki Nasiyan, Foy Sagar Lake and Nareli Jain Temple.
Ajmer is well connected to other cities of India and the most of the principle cities of Rajasthan by means of roadways, airways and railways. National Highway Number 8 is running between Delhi and Mumbai which passes through Ajmer city and Ajmer district. This National Highway covers a distance of about 147 kms. It also provides a direct road link from Beawar (old financial capital city of Mewar kingdom) to Delhi via Jaipur and Ajmer and to Ahmedabad via Udaipur. The nearest airport is Jaipur International Airport, which is 132 kilometers from the main city of Ajmer. Pushkar Ghati is the road that connects Ajmer with Pushkar.