After becoming independent around 230 BCE, Simuka, the founder of the Satavahana dynasty, conquered Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Malwa and part of Madhya Pradesh. This Satavahana king was succeeded by his brother Kanha, who further extended his kingdom to the west and the south of India. His successor Satakarni I was the sixth Satavahana king and he is said in the Puranas to have ruled for 56 years.
Satakarni defeated the Sunga dynasty of North India by wrestling and took away western Malwa from them, and performed several Vedic sacrifices at huge cost, including the Horse Sacrifice. This Satavahana king also was in conflict with the Kalinga ruler Kharavela, who mentions him in the Hathigumpha inscription. According to the Yuga Purana, this ruler conquered Kalinga following the death of Kharavela. He extended Satavahana rule over Madhya Pradesh and drove out the Sakas from Pataliputra, where he subsequently ruled for 10 years.
Many minor Satavahana kings succeeded Satakarni, such as Lambodara, Apilaka, Meghasvati and Kuntala Satakarni, who are thought to have been under the supervision of the Kanva dynasty. The Puranas (the Matsya Purana, the Vayu Purana, the Brahmanda Purana, the Vishnu Purana) all state that the first of the Satavahana kings rose to power in the 1st century BCE, by slaying Susarman, the last ruler of the Kanvas.
The first century CE saw another incursion of the Sakas of Central Asia into India, where they formed the dynasty of the Western Kshatrapas. Eventually Gautamiputra (Sri Yagna) S?takarni (also known as Shalivahan) (r. 78-106 CE) defeated the Western Satrap ruler Nahapana, thus restoring the status of his dynasty by re-conquering a major part of the former dominions of the Satavahana kings. He was an ardent supporter of Hinduism.
Several Satavahana kings divided the lands of the kingdom among themselves. Among the lands, the major belts were western Satraps, Andhra Ikshvakus (or Sr?parvatiyas) in the Krishna-Guntur region, Abhiras in the western part of the kingdom. They were ultimately to succeed the S?tav?hanas in their capital Pratishth?napura and many others.
According to the Puranas, the list of Satavahana kings is as follows -