History of Islamic Sculpture
Muslims derived their exclusive style from synthesizing the arts of the Byzantines, the Copts, the Romans and the Sassanids. The 8th-century desert palace Khirbat al-Mafjar discloses a wealth of carved and moulded decoration, sculptured stone reliefs and figural fresco paintings. There is a distinct style in India which preserved chiefly in architecture, developed after the Delhi Sultanate was established. This art made broad use of stone and reflected Indian variation to Islam rule, until Mughal art replaced it in the 17th century. The square Char Minar with large arches, arcades and minarets is illustrative.
Features of Islamic Sculpture
Geometrics are very popular and are a main belief and cultural force which appear in the private palaces and buildings. The Islamic art does not contain any representations of humans or animals.
So far the Islamic sculptures stand out with their intricate carvings and details. Plants sculpture; animal and human motifs and calligraphy are important features of the Islamic sculptures. In fact the Indo Islamic sculptures are scattered everywhere in India and speak volumes about their popularity.
Works of Islamic Sculpture
There are number of sculptures made by the Islamic rulers and these are -