(Last Updated on : 27/01/2014)
Western Chalukya sculptures are also known as the Kalyani style of architecture. The features of Western Chalukya sculpture include toranas, pillars, domes, richly decorated outer walls and others. The gateways or doorways of the Kalyani temples are highly decorated with pilasters. These are also furnished with decorative frameworks at the top of the doorways and moulded joist. Apart from these figurines, perforated windows, carvings on walls, pillars, etc, are recurring features of Western Chalukya sculptures and architectures. This empire is primarily remembered for its temples. Apparently or from a distance they look simple. But a closer look will help the onlookers explore the intricate works of the sculptures and architecture.
Each unit of the Western Chalukya temples is divided into mandapa
and pillars. The added attractions of the temple architecture are the figure sculptures
, miniature towers
and the temple deity sculptures
. Glancing back at the temple architecture and sculpture, the main chamber is so designed that this holy place glows with the mellow sun rays that penetrate through the rock-cut perforated windows. In fact the dim sun rays amply light up the doorways and welcome the guest to worship the deity who enjoys their warmth. The features of Western Chalukya architecture were later followed by Hoysala Empire too. But the architecture was improved for the better during this era.
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