Legends of Kamarupa
Kamarupa was ruled by at least three dynasties from about 350 to the mid-12th century CE. The modern Assam was known as Kamarupa and Pragjotish during the ancient times. Kamarupa Peethas or Shakti Peethas are ancient Peethas. ‘Kamakhya Devi Temple’ is located at the Nilanchal Hill in Guwahati. It is one of the most famous Hindu temples in North East India dedicated to Goddess Kamakhya. Goddess Kamakhya is an appearance of Goddess Shakti. It is considered to be one of the 51 ‘Shakti Peethas’ in India where the womb and ‘yoni’ or ‘vagina’ of Goddess Sati is fallen when she sacrificed herself for Lord Shiva. The temple holds a great spiritual implication in the hearts of Hindu pilgrims who travel here from far away corners of the country to pay their worship and to get their wishes fulfilled.
An annual 3-days fair, called the ‘Ambubasi Mela’ is quite famous at the temple and is organized in the month of June every year when it is said that Goddess Kamakhya goes through her yearly cycle of menstruation. The fair is a gigantic crowd puller for pilgrims, ‘tantrics’, ‘sadhus’, saints, tourists and interested travellers from different parts of India and across the globe. The main highlights of this fair are the fierce acts and rituals performed by ‘tantrics’ to make the Goddess happy. These atypical acts attract scores of international tourists and media, interested in witnessing some weird cultures and practices widespread in the Indian society. The temple remains closed during the 3 days of the fair and on the final day, Goddess is bathed and purified by the temple priests. On the fourth day, the temple gates are re-opened with much display for the devotees who wait for hours in long queues, just to get the heavenly ‘darshans’ of the Goddess.
The ‘Yogini Tantra’, gives the boundaries of Kamarupa Peethas, the same work which gives boundaries of ancient Kamrupa kingdom as well. In 16th century, the temple of Kamakhya was destroyed by invaders but it was rebuilt by King Nara Narayan in the seventeenth century.
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