(Last Updated on : 09/04/2018)
Ross Island is presently known for ruins of some prominent structures which are some of the remnants of the erstwhile capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the prominent tourist spots of Andaman and Nicobar Island
which was the erstwhile capital of the island
. It is a small island with the treasure of ruins which can be reached by small boats from Phoenix Bay jetty.
Location of Ross Island
Ross Island is situated 3 kilometres east from downtown Port Blair
. The island belongs to the Port Blair Islands and lies in the entrance of Port Blair.
History of Ross Island
The 1857 Revolt
forced the British
to turn to Andaman. This island remained under British activity and it remained as the Administrative Headquarters for the Andaman Islands for 85 years before an earthquake rocked it in 1941. In January 1858, British took control of three islands in and around Port Blair. It is named after the marine surveyor Captain Daniel Ross. The Island saw 24 chief commissioners after Stewart.
Before the Japanese take-over of the entire set of islands, Ross Island experienced an earthquake, which caused a lot of people to leave the Island. The headquarters were then shifted to Port Blair. From 1942 to 1945, the island was occupied by the Japanese and they too left their mark on the island. In April 1979, the island was handed over to the Navy
Attraction of Ross Island
The scenic beauty and landscape of Ross Island attracts a number of tourists. Ross Island has a passageway up to the northern end of the Island and there is the new concrete 10 metres high circular lighthouse tower located which was constructed in 1977. The tower is accessible for the period of the low wave. It was at this lighthouse that photo voltaic panels were introduced for the first time in India, to charge the batteries for the operation of light. The Island has deep forests
and peacocks are mostly found in the island and the island is full of palm and coconut trees.
There are a lot of historical contexts connected with the island. It still has the remains of the famous printing press that was located here and the secretariat office. Along with the Commissioner's house the Island also has the ruins of a church
, and grand ballrooms with some well built swimming
pools and troop's barricades. All turned into ruins after the severe earthquake that struck the Island in 1945 - 46. As the evacuation of the Island continued it once again came into prominence when Subhash Chandra Bose
hoisted Indian Flag
on the Island. There is also a sanctuary on the island which has a number of animals
Visiting Information of Ross Island
Ferry takes around 15 minutes to reach at Ross Island from Rajiv Gandhi Water Sports Complex located at Andaman.