(Last Updated on : 28/11/2014)
The revolution of 6th century B.C. gave rise to different religions and religious sects. This period witnessed the birth of several saints who revolutionized the religious world. Lord Buddha and lord Mahavira were the most famous and important among these saints. Purna Kashyapa, Mantkhai Ghosal, Ajati Kambali, Prakadhu Katyayam, Sajayer Vaelishta Puttra, Nirganth Gyat Puttra or lord Mahavira are six religious leaders who find mention in the Buddhist texts. Both Buddha and Mahavira severely criticized Brahmans religion and opposed yajans and sacrifices. They preached people to break the bonds of caste system and sectarianism as well. They laid stress upon the self-discipline, right conduct, right action, good character etc. However, the ideas contained in Buddhism and Jainism are not original and seem to be obviously influenced by the Upanishads. Sri B.G. Gokhale has rightly remarked, "In the 6th century, B.C. when some major Upanishads were being compiled, is rightly described as an age of intellectual ferment, the atmosphere was full of doubts and the mind of the men in India rocked by revolutionary ideas."
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Walis or Sufi Saints are those who have established a connection with the universal consciousness. They are closely connected to God to the extent that some of them remain cut-off from the real physical world as in the case of the condition of Wilayat Awwal. There are different levels of Wali depending on the extent of love and unity with the Almighty that they feel and exhibit in their behaviour.
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Village administration of Rashtrakuta Empire was headed by the village headman. Villages were divided for efficient governance.
|• ||Suddhi Movement|
Suddhi Movement aimed at purifying those Hindus who were converted to other religions in the nineteenth century.
|• ||Sikandar Lodi|
Sikandar Lodi was the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty and became Sultan after the death of his father Bahlul Khan Lodi on July 17, 1489.
|• ||Shamsuddin Habib Allah|
Shamsuddin Habib Allah was another great Sufi saint having a liberal attitude towards various religions. Also known as Mirza Zanzana, he was a Master of the four Tariqats- Naqshbandia, Qadiria, Suhrawardia and Chishtia Orders. He was killed by unknown persons and died a martyr and his mausoleum, situated near Jama Masjid in Delhi, is called the `Shahid Sahab ki Mazar`.