(Last Updated on : 16/02/2009)
The policy of equal federation was introduced in the years 1935. The Indian princes were invited at the round table conference during the year of 1930-32. In the year 1935,the Indian government proclaimed the federal structure of the Indian state. The Government of India Act was passed in 1935. The Government of India Act was passed in 1935. By this act the Indian states were to be allotted 125 out of 375 seats in the Federal Assembly and 104 out of 260 seats in the council of states. The Federation of India was to come into existence only when the rulers of the states representing not less than one-half of the total population of the state.
However the Policy of equal federation did not prove successful. This is so because the Federation never came into existence because the requisite number of states is not agreeing to join it. The congress successes in the election of 1937 had effect on the states where the agitation started for civil liberties and responsible government. However with the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939 finally shattered the federal scheme.