(Last Updated on : 23-06-2015)
All the reform movements of modern India have advocated the upliftment of women. More or less all of them have succeeded in this attempt. The custom of Sati was declared illegal in 1829. Evils like child marriage have now almost disappeared from the educated classes of Hindu society. Widow remarriage was legalized in 1856. There has been a steady growth of education among women in modern times. Women are now taking active part in political sphere as well.
Sustained efforts have been made to improve the condition of the depressed classes, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled tribes. The Government and many voluntary organizations are imparting free education. Various attempts have also being made to improve their economic condition. All these are the results of the Renaissance, which started with Ram Mohun Roy, sustained by organizations like Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj and Ramkrishna Mission and accelerated by the teachings of Swami Dayananda, Vivekananda and Gandhiji.
Increasing contacts with the outside world stimulated deep and creative thought and have inspired Literature and Art with stirring ideals and set up fresh and higher standards. In the path some other helping agents were a revived and finer appreciation of the national culture of past ages, the urge of thorough reformation in all aspects of life and society, and the development of new situations and problems in the country.
The mingling of the old and the new was a characteristic feature of nineteenth century. History is nicely illustrated in the works of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya and Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore was given the Nobel Prize for literature. Prem Chand wrote about the misery of the poor and oppressed in India's villages. Important developments also took place in the field of art. Abanidranath Tagore and others tried to revive the classical Indian tradition of painting; Nandalal Bose painted scenes from the ancient legends as well as from the daily life of artisans and craftsmen. They were also drawn attention into the struggle for freedom.
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Walis or Sufi Saints are those who have established a connection with the universal consciousness. They are closely connected to God to the extent that some of them remain cut-off from the real physical world as in the case of the condition of Wilayat Awwal. There are different levels of Wali depending on the extent of love and unity with the Almighty that they feel and exhibit in their behaviour.
|• ||Village Administration of Rashtrakuta Empire|
Village administration of Rashtrakuta Empire was headed by the village headman. Villages were divided for efficient governance.
|• ||Suddhi Movement|
Suddhi Movement aimed at purifying those Hindus who were converted to other religions in the nineteenth century.
|• ||Sikandar Lodi|
Sikandar Lodi was the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty and became Sultan after the death of his father Bahlul Khan Lodi on July 17, 1489.
|• ||Shamsuddin Habib Allah|
Shamsuddin Habib Allah was another great Sufi saint having a liberal attitude towards various religions. Also known as Mirza Zanzana, he was a Master of the four Tariqats- Naqshbandia, Qadiria, Suhrawardia and Chishtia Orders. He was killed by unknown persons and died a martyr and his mausoleum, situated near Jama Masjid in Delhi, is called the `Shahid Sahab ki Mazar`.