(Last Updated on : 14-08-2015)
The cuisine of Punjab has an enormous variety of mouth-watering dishes. Punjabi food is usually relished by people of all communities. The people of Punjab love to eat; and this is reflected in their delicious, hearty regional cuisine. One of the most impressive things about Punjabi food is its variety. Punjabi cuisine is not subtle in its flavour. The spice content ranges from minimal to pleasant to high cooked with liberal amount of pure Desi ghee
(clarified butter) always served with a liberal hand of butter or cream. Milk
and its products are an essential part of everyday cookery. Curd
and buttermilk are also an essential concomitant with every Punjabi meal. Punjabi Cuisine has a rich tradition of many distinct local ways of cooking, out of which one is a special form of tandoori cooking style. Punjab
is home to authentic tandoori food.
The local cuisine of Punjab is heavily influenced by the agriculture and farming lifestyle that has been prevalent for centuries. Punjab is a major producer of wheat
and dairy products which form the staple diet of Punjabi people. In Punjab itself, there are differences in flavours and style. For example, people around Amritsar
prefer well-fried stuffed Paranthas and milk sweets
. The people of Doab region eat a more of them; in the Malwa region "Bajra (ground maize) Khichari" is a delicacy.
Various Delicacies of Punjabi Cuisine
"Maa ki Dal", "Sarson Da Saag
" and "Makki Di Roti
" and stuffed Paranthas
can be found in every nooks and corners of Punjab. The people of Punjab prefer rotis or chapatis
than rice. In fact their staple food is "Makki Di Roti" and "Sarson Da Saag". The food of Punjab is suitable for those who burn up a lot of calories while working in the fields and tilling their small acres. For the urban folk, however, eating even one dish is enough because life in the cities is so sedentary. The main masala in a Punjabi dish consists of onion, garlic
and a lot of tomatoes fried in pure ghee to enhance the taste of the food. They can have rotis or chapatis with just onions only if they do not have a curry
along with it.
Predominantly wheat eating people, the Punjabis cook rice only on special occasions. Its never eaten plain or steamed rice
. Rice is eaten always with a flavouring of cumin
or fried onions
" or "Kadhi
". Rajma (Red Beans) with rice or rice with Kadhi is eaten on holidays or on festive days. In winter, rice is cooked with Gur (Jaggery) or with peas called "Matarwale Chawal" or as a delicacy called "Rao Ki Kheer" which is rice cooked on very slow fire for hours together with sugarcane
The traditional "Punjabi Thali" consists of varied kinds of breads; some are baked in the tandoor such as tandoori roti, lachha paratha, naan and kulcha, while others are dry baked on tava like chapatti and jowar ki roti. There is another fabulous variety of roti called rumali roti, which is larger in size as compared to the normal one and is also easily absorbable. Also, there are breads that are shallow fried such as parantha and deep fried such as puri
Beverages in Punjabi Cuisine
Another interesting feature is "Lassi
" (buttermilk) which is a preparation of curd and is quite common among the people of Punjab. Punjab has a diverse range of dairy based beverages such as lassi, Mango lassi, Mango Milkshake, Chaas etc. The local regional drinks in Punjab also include Doodh soda or Milk Soda.