(Last Updated on : 09/11/2019)
Crafts of Assam bear the rich cultural heritage of the state. It brings out the artistic calibre of the people living in the state. Assam
first came to recognition by the virtue of its exemplary silk
quality and its products, and cane and bamboo
items. People of Assam have always been master in these two arts, but with time many more scintillating handicraft
forms emerged in Assam like metal crafts
and many more. No less exquisite are cane and bamboo products, silver, bell metal and brass craft, toy and mask making, traditional jewellery, woodcraft, pottery and terracotta works.
Weaving and Embroidery Crafts of Assam
are the primary crafts
of the state, which have carried on for generations. Cotton
, Muga silk, Paat silk, Eri silk are some of the well known fabrics of the state which are used for weaving. Sarees
, jackets are common products. The main handloom weaving districts of Assam
are the Cachar district
. Seats, mats and cushions are made with fibre
in Bhatadrava of Nagaon district
of Dhubri district
Cane and Bamboo Crafts of Assam
Cane and bamboo products are other crafts of the state. The Assamese people are known for making beautiful furniture and roof tiles with canes. Other things made out of bamboo includes, sieve, beer mug, winnowing pan, water pot, small baskets and hats. The Sitalpati mats are crafted out of reeds and are also excellent handicrafts. Cachar and Tezpur
are the hubs of cane and bamboo craft but Guwahati
has many government-run and private outlets to choose from.
Brass and Bell Metal Crafts of Assam
Brass and bell metal crafts
are mainly produced in Hajo
and Sarthebari in Kamrup district
of Assam. The main products created here are Kalah (water pot), Sarai, Kahi (dish) Bati (bowl), Lota and Tal (cymbals). A Sarai is a shallow bowl on a stand with a dome-like cover and it is used in Assamese rituals. The Sarai showcases Assamese culture
of hospitality, often offered to guests. The Kalah is a designed pitcher which has attractive motifs engraved on them.
Traditional Jewellery of Assa
The jewellery of Assam speaks volume of the fine craftsmanship of the people of Assam. The most exclusive jewellery pieces are the bangles, which are a combination of clay and lacquer work. It is decorated in pure lac and laid in narrow strips of red, yellow and blue.
Wood Crafts of Assam
The woodwork of Assam is also an outstanding example of a craft. It is unusual in style. A special type of a wooden house is the Namghar or Kirtanghar, which contains a throne in the shape of a peacock
and are raised in tiers from 3 to 9 and are supported by lions
. The walls also contain elaborate carvings. The painted woodwork of Golaghat
speaks of the folk art
of the state.
Other Crafts of Assam
utensils were extensively used in Assam. Exquisite woodcarvings
are a traditional handicraft of the state. The terracotta works of Assam
are unique and have a design of their own. Gauripur is an important place for terracotta products.