(Last Updated on : 05/03/2018)
Riang Tribes are mainly concentrated in the eastern hill and are found in Tripura
. Riang tribes have been acclaimed as one of the 21 scheduled tribes
of the sate
of Tripura. Riang tribes like to classify themselves as Bru.
Society of Riang Tribes
The societal structure of the Riang society is unique. In fact, the whole of Riang community
can be segregated into 2 major groups - Meska and Molsoi. They prefer to live in village
s. Their traditional house is rectangular in shape. The size of a house depends upon the economic condition of the people and the floor is raised above the ground.
Riang society is patriarchal. The father is the head of the family
. A clan functions as a local group. Membership of a clan is acquired by birth. Marriage
is a significant institution in the Riang community who follow endogamy where Haloksaiand Haloksam are the two marriage classifications of Riang. Marriage is arranged through the matchmaker Andra, who confers the bride price with the bride's parents. The Riang widower is not allowed to get marry a virgin. The women
of Riang tribes are expert weavers. The economy of the Riang people is a mixed economy
that comprises of hunting
, foraging, shifting cultivation, basketry, weaving
and horticulture but hunting is resorted.
Culture of Riang Tribes
is an essential part of Riang life. The Hojagiri folk dance
of Riang tribe is well known all over the world. 'Buisu' is the most popular festival
of Riang tribes; naisingpara hojagiri group is the most popular groups all among them. Riang tribes speak Riang which is a Baric language
Costumes of Riang Tribes
The traditional dresses of the Riang Tribes are very simple. Men conventionally wear a hand woven loin cloth
and a piece of cloth as a wrapper for the upper body. The women wear a long cloth called Mnai, a wraparound, from the waist to the knees, Rsa covering the chest, and Rikatouh for covering the complete upper half of the body. The fabric of their costumes is generally woven by the Riang women.
However, modernisation has its presence in Riangs and they no longer wear their habitual costumes. The Riang women like other Tripuris, wear different ornaments, flowers
, and cosmetics. Silver
ornaments, particularly the necklace
of silver coins
, the Rangbauh have a pride of place among them.
Festivals of Riang Tribes
celebrated by the Riang Tribes include Ker, Gonga mwtai, Goria, Chitragupra, Hojagiri, Katangi puja
, Lampra uathop. The Garia Puja
is an important festival which is organised in the month of April. These two occasional assume the character of festival and celebrated gorgeously with rites, rituals
, feasting, dancing, singing and drum
-beating. Mainukma and Khumaukma are the guardian goddesses
of paddy and cotton
crops. They are worshipped in October and this festival is also known as Lakshmi Puja
or Kojagari or Hojagiri.
Hojagiri dance is witnessed in the Hojagiri festival. It is ritualistic in nature. In the Tripuri Hojagiri dance movement, styles do not crystallize the agricultural activities and is a dance of balance. The balance is used in a number of combinations. Each dancer
stands upon a crock and whole weight is placed on the crock.
The Riang possesses well organised political structure to ensure discipline into the whole community. There are three tier administrative structures - village level, zonal level and state level. The stale level council is the biggest superimposed unit in the political system. The chief of the whole community is known as Kami Kachkao.