Concept of Chakra in Kundalini
The word Chakra is a Sanskrit word, meaning "wheel" or "disc". In the ancient yoga systems of India, the word ‘Chakra’ described a spinning vortex of energy in the subtle body.
Seven Kundalini Chakras
The lotus is used as a symbol for purity in regard to the Chakras, because despite of living in mud it is not soiled by the mud but rises above it. Thus the lotus justifies the theory of Maya Shakti. Each petal of the lotus is a separate Bija Mantra for that particular Chakra. The 7 kundalini chakras are as follows;
1. Mooladhara Chakra: The Mooladhara is the first primary chakra according to Hindu and Yoga tradition. The Mooladhara Chakra is the seat of the coiled Kundalini, the vital Shakti, or Female energy force. This foundation chakra is the root of all growth and awareness of the divinity of man. Mooladhara is positioned just below the tip of the tailbone, just above the anus.
2. Svadhishthana Chakra: This is the second chakra, also called the ‘Jupiter Chakra’ or ‘Sacral Chakra’. It is located on the spine near the genitals. It is the center of sexuality, passion, and the creation of life. Svadhishthana Chakra is located within the Sushumna Nadi at the root of the reproductory organ. This has control over the lower abdomen, kidneys, etc., in the physical body.
3. Manipura Chakra: The third chakra is the Manipura chakra or Nabhi. It means Lustrous Gem or "the city of jewels" in Sanskrit. According to Hindu tradition, it is positioned at the naval region. It has 10 petals, which match the Vrittis of spiritual ignorance, thirst, jealousy, treachery, shame, fear, disgust, delusion, foolishness and sadness.
4. Anahata Chakra: Anahata or the Heart Chakra is the fourth primary chakra according to the Hindu and the Tantric traditions. The word ‘Anahata’ in Sanskrit means unhurt, un-struck and unbeaten. The function of this chakra is Love.
5. Vishuddha Chakra: The Yantra of Vishuddha Chakra is a silver crescent within a white circle shining as a full moon surrounded by 16 petals. The silver crescent is the symbol of nada, pure cosmic sound. The crescent is symbolic of purity which is a vital aspect of Vishuddha Chakra.
6. Ajna Chakra: The word Ajna means, "command". It is the chakra of intuitive wisdom. It challenges us to open the mind, develop an impersonal mind and avoid artificial or false truths.
7. Sahasrara Chakra: Sahasrara, meaning thousand, is the "Lotus of the Thousand Petals", located 4 fingerbreadths above the crown of the head. It is also called Brahmarandhra. It is the meeting place of Kundalini Shakti and Shiva. Immortality is achieved within Sahasrara Chakra.
The concept of Chakras is closely associated with the practice of Kundalini Yoga and raising awareness above each of the Chakras make a difference in the spiritual status of the person.