(Last Updated on : 30/11/2017)
Female Poets in India broke the form and raged a path, leaving a permanent mark on Indian literature
. Since earlier time, India has been a dissolving pot of creative people like writers, poets
, artists, sculptors
, etc., who have formed our history
and culture. Many diverse Indian women
poets are probing the role of form in existing poetry
Popular Female Poets in India
Female Poets in India left an indelible mark on literature in general and Indian literature in particular. Following are the popular Female Poets in India:
: Sarojini Naidu is known as the "nightingale of India." She began to write poetry at the age of 12, and her first collection of poems is The Golden Threshold. She was a part of Indias freedom fight
and a foremost figure in the Quit India Movement
: Princess Zeb-un-Nisa is known as the “Ornament of Womankind”. She was the eldest child of Emperor Aurangzeb
and Princess Dilras Banu Begum. She began writing poetry at the age of 14 choosing her pen name as Makhfi, or The Hidden One. She wrote a collection of poetry called Diwan which contains 5,000 verses, and also wrote three other books of poetry as well as 15,000 verses.
: Kamala Das or Kamala Surayya is known as "the mother of modern English Indian poetry
". She began writing poetry as a kid. She wrote numerous short stories and poems. Her first book of poetry was the Summer in Calcutta. She was often compared to Marguerite Duras and Sylvia Plath. Kamala Surayya was shortlisted for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1984 and was awarded with the Sahitya Akademi Award
: She is frequently referred to as the Keats of Indo-English
literature. Her works include Le Journal de Mademoiselle dArvers, the first novel to be written in French by an Indian writer
, and another novel, Bianca stayed incomplete. Her poetry collection A Sheaf Gleaned in French Fields was published in 1876, and Ancient Ballads and Legends of Hindustan was published in 1882.
: She was intensely influenced by Indias freedom struggle. She was the first Punjabi woman poet, novel
ist and essayist, and wrote in both Punjabi
. Her career spanned six decades and she wrote over 100 books of poetry, fiction, essays, biographies, anthologies and an autobiography. Her work has been translated into a number of languages
around the world. She was the first woman to win the Sahitya Akademi Award for her magnum opus, a long poem entitled "Sunehade" (Messages).
: Mahadevi Varma was one of Indias most prolific women poets, freedom-fighters
, educationists and activists. She was one of four founders of the Chhayavaad movement, a different wave of romanticism in Hindi poetry. She was the first woman to be granted Indias highest literary award for lifetime achievement, the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, in 1979. She was also honoured with the Padma Bhushan
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan
: She is perhaps the best known exponent of the Veer Ras sub genre. Mainly writing on themes of patriotism and nationalism, her most famous verses include Jhansi ki Rani and Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant.
: Balamani Amma wrote in Malayalam
and was known as the "poetess of motherhood." She was the receiver of a number of celebrated awards and recognitions inclusive of the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship. Some of her famous works are Amma, Muthassi and Mazhuvinte Katha.
: She was a 16th-century Hindu
spiritualist poet and follower of Krishna
. She is a celebrated Bhakti
, particularly in the North Indian
Hindu tradition. Her poems are lyrical padas. There are no existing manuscripts of her poetry from her century. The largest collection of poems credited to her are in 19th-century manuscripts
. Her method combines emotional mood, boldness, desire, hope, joy and happiness of union, always centred on Krishna.
Eunice de Souza
: She was an Indian English language poet, literary critic and novelist. Among her famous books of poetry is Women in Dutch painting (1988). Ways of Belonging and Selected and New Poems are some of her famous works.
: She was one of the early female poets of the Kannada language
and a famous personality in the Veerashaiva Bhakti movement of the 12th century. Her 430 existing Vachana poems and the two short writings called Mantrogopya and the Yogangatrividhi are considered her most remarkable part to Kannada literature
: She is locally known as Lal Ded. She was an originator of the spiritualist poetry called vatsun or vakhs, literally meaning "speech". Her verses are the earliest compositions in the Kashmiri language
and are an imperative part in history of contemporary Kashmiri literature
: She was a leading Bengali
poet, social worker and feminist in British India
. She was the first woman honours graduate in British India. She published her first collection of verses Alo Chhaya in 1889. Amongst her famous literary contributions were –Mahasweta, Pundorik, Pouraniki, Dwip O Dhup, Jibon Pathey, Nirmalya, Malya O Nirmalya, and Ashok Sangeet. She wrote Gunjan for children and a book of essays Balika Sikkhar Adarsha.
: She was a famous Bengali novelist and poet. She was awarded with Jnanpith Award
and the Padma Shri by the Government of India
. Her novel "Baluchori" was adapted as a Television serial in Deepto, named Aparajita. Her magnum composition, the trilogy Pratham Pratishruti (1964), Subarnolata (1967) and Bakul Katha (1974), symbolises a continual struggle for women to attain equal rights.
Mamoni Raisom Goswami
: Indira Goswami is known by her pen name Mamoni Raisom Goswami. She was an Assamese
editor, poet, professor, scholar and writer. She was the winner of the Sahitya Akademi Award, the Jnanpith Award, and Principal Prince Claus Laureate. Countless of her works have been translated into English from her local Assamese which include The Moth Eaten Howdah of the Tusker, Pages Stained With Blood and The Man from Chinnamasta.
: She is an Indian poet and activist. She has won numerous awards and recognitions including Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award. She was honoured with Padma Shri. Mutthuchippi, Devadasi, Kurinjippookkal” are some of her works.
Shanta Janardan Shelke
: She was a Marathi
poet and writer of Marathi language. Her work included song compositions, stories, translations and literature for children. She led over many literary gatherings. Her pen name is Vasant Avsare. Some of her compositions became eternal in the form of songs sung by Marathi greats like Lata Mangeshkar
, Asha Bhosale
and Kishori Amonkar, to name a few.
: She is an Indian developmental feminist activist, poet, author and social scientist. She is best known for her poem Kyunki main ladki hoon, mujhe padhna hai.
Nalini Bala Devi
: She was a noted Indian writer and poet of Assamese literature
, known for nationalistic as well as spiritual poetry. She was awarded with the Padma Shri. She is famous for her poetry collection Alakananda.
Female poets in India in multiple ways shaped the field of Indian poetry establishing the relatively curious and contested surroundings of Women poets in India.