(Last Updated on : 15/12/2014)
Paintings of Telangana
cover the rural paintings of Nirmal, Deccani Painting, Vijayanagar Paintings and the Mughal Paintings. These paintings of Telangana are the pride of the state. People from far off places come and visit this place to see the paintings in different museums of Telangana.
Telangana is enriched with the art from the time of Chalukyas
and then the Kakatiya
and later the Vijaynagara rulers. During the time of Mughals era, the Mughal paintings came into the South India, and became popular till the time of Nizams of Hyderabad. While on the contrary, the rural paintings in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh began to decline from the medieval era. Now, in independent India different NGOS and the self help organisations of both private and public sectors foster on the Nirmal paintings, the one and only rural art of Telangana, a newly formed state in India with Hyderabad
as its capital for 10 years.
Nirmal paintings and timber handicrafts bear the art and culture of Telangana. Nirmal paintings and wooden handicrafts are named after the town of Nirmal in Adilabad district of Telangana, the newly formed state of India with the capital Hyderabad for 10 years.
"Deccan" is derived from Dakshina. Deccan
region is a geographical term that refers to the plateau in South Central India ruled by Hindu kings, when the first Muslim sultanates of India were established in Delhi. The Khaljis and the Tughluqs after them both tried to conquer the Deccan but were ultimately unsuccessful. The officers of Muhammad bin Tughluq rebelled against him and an independent sultanate was declared under the leadership of the general Zafar Khan. His descendants, known as the Bahmanis, ruled from a capital located first in Gulbarga and later in Bidar District.
Deccani painting is a style of miniature painting. This type of painting is flourished from the late 16th century among the Deccani sultanates in peninsular India. The style of Deccan region is a sensitive, highly integrated blend of indigenous and foreign art forms. The elongated figures are seemingly related to Vijayanagar wall paintings, while the floral-sprigged backgrounds, high horizons and general use of landscape show Persian influence. The paintings of Deccan used colours, which are rich and luminous, and much use is made of gold and white.
Paintings gained popularity in the medieval era, when the medieval rulers of Vijaynagara ruled this region. The paintings of the Vijayanagar represent the great revival of Hindu religion and art in South India. During the Vijayanagar era, the wall paintings made a comeback. The best representation of these paintings can be seen in the Virabhadra temple at Lepakshi. Vijayanagar Paintings at Lepakshi are very decorative in style. In most of the Vijayanagar paintings, the human faces usually appear in the profile, figures stand with a slight slant with both feet pointing in the same direction. All these paintings are seen mainly on the ceilings of the "mandapas" and in the corridors of the temple. But unfortunately, most of them have got damaged now. Some of these Vijayanagar paintings depict the scenes of wedding of Draupadi and Kiratarjunya. Few other pictures show Viruppanna and Viranna with their sons and guards. They are shown wearing long white robes with a printed cloth round their waist. All these paintings are more costly than any diamonds in the world.
Mughal painting was essentially a court art of Delhi
. But it reached through out India due to the royal prominence. It was developed under the patronage of the ruling Mughal emperors and began to decline when the rulers lost interest in the later half of medieval era. The subjects treated were generally secular, consisting of illustrations to historical works and Persian and Indian literature, portraits of the emperor and his court, studies of natural life, and genre scenes. The school had its beginnings during the reign of the emperor Humayun
, who invited two Persian artists to join him in India. From that time onwards the Mughal Paintings gained prominence in South Indian state where Hoysala
, Vijaynagara and Chalukyas were dominant.