(Last Updated on : 12/12/2012)
Indian trees are well known through out the world for their magnificence and opulence and are considered as a green pearl in the crown of the country. Indian trees hold a special position in the history of the country. Trees are always linked with immorality and wisdom in India. There is a description in the Hindu literature about a celestial tree which has its roots cemented in the heaven and its branches spread in the underworld which connects and unites beings of all kinds. The national tree of India is Banyan and the medicinal trees of the country comprises of a large variety. Banyan or Bodhi tree, Peepul
and Banana tree
are among the trees of India which enjoy a special religious and cultural significance. Indian Rosewood, Aloe Vera
, Kikar, Ashwagandha
, Sal, Cork
and Garden Asparagus are amongst the well known Indian trees.
Types of Indian Trees
Indian trees are available in a number of varieties which are classified according to their valuable properties and their usages. These can be categorised as decorative or gardening trees, timber trees, medicinal trees, etc. Almost all parts of the tress like the bark, leaves, roots, fruit or timber, have some usage in India. The Indian medicinal trees are popular for their valuable medicinal properties all over the world and they are commonly used in the Indian traditional treatment methods like Ayurveda
, Homoeopathy, Unani medicine in India
, etc. They are used in the modern Allopathic treatment as well.
Implications of Indian Trees
The Indian trees form an essential part of the culture and heritage of the country. They are an authoritative constituent of the natural landscape due to their prevention of eroding. They also purvey a specific weather-sheltered ecosystem in and under their foliage. The Indian trees are renowned for their splendour and magnificence and they have always been associated with wisdom and immortality in India. The trees like Peepul tree
, Banyan tree
(Bodhi tree), Banana tree and Tulsi
are some of the plants that hold special cultural and religious significance in India. Most of the trees found in India are native to India; however, there are various trees that have originated outside but were brought and cultivated in India, at a later period. The trees that came from outside have nicely adjusted themselves with the Indian climate
, along with their common Hindi and English names, and their general pattern of their flowering period and growth.
The trees of India play a crucial role in the total development of India. The Banyan tree has been announced as the National Tree of India, mainly for its availability in all parts of the country. Among the numerous trees in India, some of the most notable ones are the Neem tree
, Tamarind tree
, Dhak, Champa
, the coconut palm tree
, Mango tree
, Jujube Tree
, Portia Tree, Nagalingam , Casuarina
, Gulmohar, Coralwood Tree, Jasmine Tree
, Jambhool, Mandara
, Debdaru, Rubber Plant, Cashew Tree
, Chandan, Amla, Devil's Tree, Madras Thorn, Bilimbi, Bel, Khajur, Supari
and many others.